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Collar and Lead Training – How to Train Your Dog Or Puppy With a Collar and Lead

Training your dog or puppy to use a collar and lead is one of the easiest and most important steps you can take when starting a training program. Here's how it works.

Be sure to have a collar available as soon as you bring your new puppy home. It should be puppy size, not dog size, so that it fits properly. To check the fit, you should be able to easily slide two fingers under it, to ensure that it is not too tight. But do not have it so loose that your puppy can back his way out of it.

Your dog will most certainly try to get rid of this thing around his neck, until he gets used to it. This may take a few days so be patient. After several days when it's obvious that he is unaware of the collar, you are ready for the next step.

At this point, attach a lightweight, short lead to the collar. The lead should be no more than about 3 yards long. Let him drag it around so he gets used to the feel of it. It is important to supervise him almost when the lead is attached, so you can quickly untangle it for him when necessary. Do not let him drag the lead around if you are unable to keep an eye on him. You want to be sure that he is having a positive experience and does not become stuck and frustrated or scared.

In a day or so, once he has gotten used to the feel of the lead, try attaching one end of the lead to your puppy and the other end to yourself. Then let him explore his surroundings as before, but this time he'll be limited as to how far he can go because because for the first time the lead is not free. When he reaches the end of his rope so to speak, call his name softly and entice him back to you with a toy or a treat. Make a big fuss over him, when he comes back to you when called.

When he gets used to this routine, you will have successfully taught your puppy lead bonding. And once your puppy is trained with a collar and lead, it will be so much easier to accomplish so much more in your training program.

Source by Carl Lang

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Dog Crate Training to Housebreak Your Puppy

A very popular method of housebreaking your puppy is crate training. The best dog cage size would be one that is just large enough to be a bed. Dogs do not like to soil in their beds and have to lay in it, so the right crate size is very important. You see if the dog crate is just the right size they will hold it because they do not want to be forced to lay in their own mess. This really works most pups can control their bladder and bowels a lot longer than we think. Puppies at 8 to 9 weeks can often hold out for 7 to 8 hours. But of course it is not recommend leaving your pups in dog crates unattended for that period of time.

When you are housebreaking you can place the pup inside the dog cage when he can not be watched. Some good times are when you are cooking, cleaning or even away from home. Before placing your puppy in the dog crate it is a good idea to take him outside to do his thing. When you decide to take him out of the crate take him back back to the same spot you took him to before. Dog crates are definitely handy for overnight sleeping. As he learns more and more try to leave him out for longer periods of time. And remember no food or water in the dog cage only a crate bed or blanket and maybe a chew toy.

There is an advantage to crate training that most people do not think about. This type of training also teaches the dog to hold it when the urge strikes. He will learn just because he feels the urge to treat himself the puppy quickly learns he does not have to. Dog crates are very effective in training, most dogs that have gone through crate training have fewer mistakes later on.

Just remember to buy a dog crate just large enough for him to lie down in, if it is too large he will just do his business in the corner. Doing this he will then track the mess all over his crate and he will keep on doing this whenever he is placed in the cage. After he is trained you can get a dog cage that will be big enough to last through his life. And use the crate for other purposes such as traveling or sleeping in the house there are many other uses for dog crates. This method training works very well, so please be consistent with your pup he will soon learn going outside to do his business is his new way of life.

Source by Karen Carter

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Crate Training Your Puppy

Teaching your puppy crate training is the first and best step in his life. It makes all the other steps in his training go so much smoother, much like a solid foundation makes for a superior wall. Establishing you as the Alpha member of his "pack" is one very good reason for starting your puppy in a crate when he is very young.

Another reason for crate training is that dogs love predictability. To know what is going to happen in any given situation makes him happy, and more apt to be the best-behaved dog he can possibly be.

A strong crate is the very basis of good puppy training. A wire crate with a lock is the best kind. Make sure it is large enough for him to stand up and turn around. But not so large that he can roam and wander around. A too-large crate will inhibit house breaking. A crate that is just the right size will be perceived as his "nest", where puppies never "go potty". They will learn to hold it if you do not make a prison out of it.

Never leave a puppy under 8 weeks longer than one hour in his crate. He will soil it, after struggling and suffering as long as he can.

Put a nice pad in there with a bone. Start with placing a tasty treat in there, he will go in and get it. Do this several times without closing the door, let him come in and out freely for an hour or so. Praise him highly every time time goes in, make it all very pleasant.

Then when his attention is on his treat, close the door. Praise him quietly, "What a good boy, it's ok, such a good boy!" In 10 or 20 seconds, no longer, let him out without a word, no praise, just a pat. Do this for increasingly longer intervals, but do not give it a chance to get upset. You can do this several times the first day.

Make sure every training session ends on a happy note, this is crucial.

Once he sees the crate is his own private territory, he will go in there on his own, expecting trips and your attention. When he does, say, "Wanna crate?" with a happy face while getting his fears. Start leaving the room while he is in there for 2 minutes and onward, respectively. When you return, do not make a fuss, just walk over and open the crate. In 3 days he will be officially crate-trained, ready to be left alone for an hour, no longer at first. Leave him gradually longer, slowly and carefully.

Q. Why do I want a crate for my puppy?

A. Because they love it is the best reason. They feel very safe and secure in there. Here are some more:

When you leave a puppy alone, he always has some measure of separation anxiety. This leads him to any behavior that brings him comfort, which is chewing, digging, or when it is severe, voiding his bowels. When placed in a crate, he feels safe because nothing can get to him, nothing can harm him. He will sleep and chew and wait for you to return.

Crate training is the first step in being able to leave him overnight at the vet. Without it he will cry the entire time, feeling lost and abandoned. With crate training, he is sure you will return, you always do. Of course the vet's office is strange and will cause him some anxiety, but nothing like the pure terror he will feel without experience in being locked in.

NOTE: About crate-training, do not make a prison of his crate. Do not use it as punishment. Do not leave him there for more than 2 hours, just time for a long puppy nap and some chew time. After that he will cry. Do not remove him while he is crying. This will make him think he has to cry to get out. No matter what, make sure he is being good when you open the door. He will learn he has to be quiet to get out.

Do not make a fuss when you are letting it out, just quietly open the door and take it out to potty. When he potties, praise him to high heaven! Dogs naturally do not go where they nest, but sometimes it happens. Do not scold, just clean it out with a bland face. He will learn the lesson. If possible, try to clean it while he is outside so he returns to a clean crate.

In 25 years of training dogs, I have never seen any one thing more critical for a dog's well-being than good crate training.

Source by D. Witt

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Crate Training Puppy – The Correct Setup

Crate training is one of the most effective method that you can use to train your puppy to eliminate according to the schedule that you want. Of course, an animal still makes mistakes sometimes. But with commitment and discipline, you can save yourself a lot of hassle. Your puppy will never inconvenience unnecessarily again. Here is how you can setup crate training for your puppy.

Step 1: Choose the right crate size.

Puppies are very small creatures. The whole goal of using a crate is to force your pet to learn how to control its bladder. Dogs do not like to dirty its own resting place naturally. So when in a crate, it tends not to urinate. So you have to be choose the right crate size in order for the training to be effective. A crate that is too huge defeats the purpose. The dog will just eliminate in one corner, and go rest and play in another corner. Too small, and it's not good for the dog either. The crate is a training tool. It's not meant to be a prison. It has to be comfortable enough for the puppy.

Step 2: Setting up your crate.

Note that your puppy will be spending several hours each day in the crate. Therefore, you need to make it as comfortable as possible for the pet. Otherwise, you will have problems getting it to go into the crate later on. Place some used blankets, paper or soft materials in the crate. Line the crate with some toys to keep the puppy occupied. It does not have to know that it is undergoing training. Also, remember to include some water in the crate so that the dog can drink whenever it wants to. You need to make the experience as enjoyable as possible for crate training to work.

Step 3: Starting the actual training.

If your puppy is still very young, start the training by keeping it in the crate for 1 to 2 hours max. You, or a family member, should be around the puppy in the beginning to prevent any separation anxiety. Let the dog know that someone is around. If the puppy starts protesting, do not give in immediately. It just needs some time to adjust itself. As the dog grows older, you can increase the duration of keeping the dog in the crate. This is because older dogs have better ability to control their bladders, and they do not eliminate as frequently.

Final tip: pay attention to timing!

Your dog eliminates based on when it consumes food and drink, and its own age. The older the dog, the less frequent it needs to eliminate. You can cultivate good habits just by paying more attention to when you feed the dog. If you have been with the pet long enough, you can make sure accurate guesses as to when the dog needs to let go.

Source by Darren W Chow

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Puppy Toilet Training – Tips For Owners

Puppy toilet training is one of the most important trainings in every dog's life – as well as yours being a dog owner. Having a dog that is not successfully equipped toilet means having a poop-scooping and pee-cleaning life. Considering these facts, you indeed have to do something to avoid urine stains in your expensive carpet or piles of poop somewhere under your bed. What you have to do is train your puppy to eliminate at the right time at your designated spot.

Puppy toilet training is not the easiest either an impossible thing to do. All you need is the right training advice on how to achieve your goals – a reliably trained canine companion.

The first bit of advice is to understand your dog's need to eliminate. Take note that puppies do not have full control of their bladders and bowels. So they must be taken out to eliminate at the following times:

  • after eating
  • after drinking
  • immediately after waking
  • when excited
  • after playing or exercise
  • before sleeping

Just take your dog out at least every one to two hours and you'll be safe.

Feed your dog at approximately the same time everyday. Feeding on regular schedule will help your dog establish regular potty time.

Another important thing a dog owner must understand is the signs indicating that the dog has to go. Sniffing around, circling round in one spot or holding the tail high is your dog's simple way of telling you that something is on the way.

Some people find crate as an effective tool in toilet training a puppy. Having den lodging ancestors, domesticated dogs would never soil their dens as much as possible. This is ideal in helping them control their urge to eliminate. Just remember to take your pup out regularly to avoid soiling the den.

Understand that successful training can not be achieved for only a day or two. Time as well as consistency and determination are other contributing factors to make Fido learn what he has to learn. Accidents will happen and if they do, never punish your dog for it. Hitting him or rubbing his nose in the spot will not make him realize his mistake but rather create behavior associated problem.

If your best efforts, the puppy is continuously having accidents and toilet training tips do not seem to work, seek out your vet's advice. It could be a sign of a disease that must be addressed at once.

Source by Richard Cussons

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Puppy Potty Training Tips – How To Successfully Stop Your Puppy From Eliminating in the House

Potty training your puppy can be a trying battle at times. It is much easier to accomplish when you have some dog potty training tips to follow. We want your puppy toilet training to be as painless, yet as effective as possible. This all becomes part of your general puppy training routine. Repetition is the key to achieving this, but patience is definitely needed as well.

You may need to spend some time setting the stage for this routine task. Potty training puppy should begin from the time you bring him home. Remember that a puppy aged 8 weeks old will need to eliminate more frequently than an older dog. If you can not be with your puppy during certain hours due to work or school, the purchase of a crate for your dog should be first priority.

As a rule dogs will not eliminate in their living space and they will learn to wait until they can get out of the crate. It need only be large enough to allow your dog to turn around and lie down. If the breed of puppy you have chosen is one that will grow to be considerably larger as an adult, you may want to consider buying the large crate now and modifying it with heavy cardboard or a well sanded piece of plywood or press wood that you can adjust when your puppy needs more room to move.

Become aware of a few details relating to your puppy's behavior that could indicate the need to go outside such circling or sniffing the floor. It is also a good idea to have any needed items ready ahead of time to avoid a state of confusion when it's time to take your puppy outside for another potty break.

This is a good time to use positive reinforcement and clicker training. When you are potty training your puppy and they associate the command with the required action, make the click and offer the reward or praise. You want to make sure you have treasures and your clicker on hand before opening that crate door.

The area you want your puppy to use for eliminating should be confined to one particular place in the yard. By using the same location each time you have a potty training puppy session, he will quickly make the connection between that location and what needs to be done there. You can also use a verbal command or phrase each time your dog goes outside. By simply saying "go potty" every time you are working on puppy toilet training you puppy will associate those words with the action expected of him. Soon enough you'll be able to open the door to your yard, say the word and watch your puppy follow the command.

The first time of the day it is important to practice puppy toilet training is when puppy first wakes up. It is an essential time since they have been crated overnight so not only do they have the need to potty, but also get a bit of exercise and stretching done. Another occasion for you to practice potty training your puppy is to take them out right before bedtime for their last potty and exercise occasion of the evening. Make sure that you continuously praise your puppy each time they correctly achieve a command. The praise they receive will be a trigger for them to willingly repeat the action.

Another puppy potty training tip is following a predetermined schedule for feeding so you will learn to graduate when your puppy needs to go outside. Usually it will take somewhere between 30-45 minutes after eating for your puppy or dog to need to go outside. By keeping track of times between eating / drinking and eliminating you will soon have a good idea how long to wait until it's time to go outside.

Do not scold your puppy if they have made a mess in the house without you catching him in the act. If you do see your puppy squatting to tie himself himself, it is perfectly fine to say "No" or some other predetermined word, scoop him up and bring him directly to the outdoor potty area. He will soon understand that it is not acceptable to do his 'business' anywhere but the assigned location.

Potty training your puppy requires planning and a bit of patience and consistency. When your puppy knows what is expected of them and you're able to be consistent with your requests and your rewards they will quickly catch on. Potty training does not need to take months, follow these basic dog potty training tips and your puppy can be trained in no time.

Source by J Macek

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Cat Training Problems? Train a Better Kitty Through Feline Communication

Cats are amazing, unique and intelligent animals. Any cat lover knows this instinctively and believes they have a wonderful connection and understanding of their kitty. It comes as a surprise to many when their adorable cat misbehaves by clawing furniture, being antisocial, refusing to use the kitty litter and so on. We ask ourselves why and wonder why normal animal training techniques do not work. While there are many reasons of all of these things one of the core concepts you need to know when you have cat training problems is how to really communicate with your feline.

Cats communicate in four ways:

The first and easiest way to communicate with you cat is to understand their visual cues. While there are more obvious cues like wagging tail when annoyed and the ears going back when scared or angry there are other more false cues. For instance did you know that when you make eye contact with a cat if you lower your eyes and squint slightly it is a sign of acknowledgment and affection to a cat? Or that if their whiskers are flared it means they are alert. There are many cues a cat gives to use that we need to learn and can replicate back at them and they will understand.

The noises a cat makes also give us clues to know what they are thinking. The obvious signs are purring when happy and hissing or growling when annoyed. There are many other sounds cats make that we can learn however like the loud meow which is usually for attention, the sigh (much like a humans) when contented and the chatter which is issued usually when a cat is stalking prey they can not get bird on the other side of a window). The tone and pitch of these various sounds mean different things and being clued up to the nuances can tell you if a cat just wants attention or if it is stressed or many other things.

Cats love to be touched and petted as long as it does not become painful and petting an affectionate cat has been proven to lower blood pressure and be good for us. How a cat touches you can mean things too; when rubbing the sides of its face against you it is marking you with a scent claiming you as their own, this is a true sign of affection. If a cat lets you rub their belly it is also a sign of trust as it is their most vulnerable place when in a fight so letting you near it is very intimate. Cats also use their bodies to trip you which may be annoying but it is an attention getting device more than a pure show of affection. Knowing how your cat uses their body to communicate and how you should hold, pet and touch your pet is vital vital to training them.

This is something we as humans can not really tap into. Cats have a heightened sense of smell that allows them to see more than we can in that realm. They can sense things by smell we can not and may react to something they smell when we can not make them seem erratic. They can also smell when we are stressed or angry by our smell (along with body language and so on) so it can work both ways. Be aware your cat can smell better than you and that this may trigger something you can not see.

All in all if you have cat training problems you must go back to square one with cat understanding before you can move on to more complex problems like getting them to use the kitty litter or stop scratching furniture. Once you have this understanding you will see many mistakes before you make them and adjust your action for a better behaved and happier cat!

Source by Michael Porteous

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5 Stages in a Puppy's Life – From Birth to Potty Training and Beyond

There are few experiences as joyful as bringing a new puppy into the home. Welcoming this little bundle of warmth, energy, and fun as the newest member of your family is a day that will never be forgotten. It's important to know that your little family member has special needs that must be met during this time of development. From potty training puppies to teaching discipline, it's important to know that your puppy is going through several stages on the way to being a fully developed dog.

In order to know your pup, you must get in touch with your dog's instincts and behaviors. As much is possible, it's helpful to get familiar with a dog's way of thinking. It's not enough to let a dog just grow up. For both of you to experience a loving, joyful relationship, it's important to guide your tiny friend from puppyhood into a balanced, friendly dog. Knowing the 5 stages in a puppy's life is an important first step.

Stage One (Birth to about 13 days) – Your pup is practically helpless. Restricted in motion, except crawling on the stomach, the puppy is only aware of physical needs.It's all about reflexes dealing with food, eliminating food, and getting close to the warmth of mom and brothers and sisters. Whimpering or whining is a reflexive behavior to indicate need of food or bodily contact.

Stage Two (13th – 19th day) – Your puppy will open his or her eyes. Development is fast during these 6 or 7 days. The pup can now see, hear, and walk. Puppies can be introduced to solid food since milk teeth begin to appear. Although there are quick changes during this stage, your puppy still will not be able to have any permanent learning ability.

Stage Three (19th day -7 weeks) – In general, what happens to your puppy during this stage plays a huge role in his or her future behavior. It's a critical stage of development and it's where socialization begins to take place. Your and your puppy will begin to bond during this stage, and your pup will form relationships with other animals during this time. You'll notice lots of wrestling and playing with brother and sisters in the litter during this time. It's important to note that puppy's acute hearing is developed here and loud noises will startle your puppy. Handle your puppy well and often during this stage. Stage three determines much of your pup's future behavior.

Stage Four (7 weeks – 10 weeks) – Your puppy should be weaned from his mom during this period. Motor skills are not completely developed, but your puppy's nervous system is similar to an adult dog. If your puppy had a happy third stage, he or she is thrilled about forming more human attachments with the entire family! This is the perfect time for your puppy to also begin learning.

Stage Five (11 weeks – 4 moths) – It's a great time to introduce discipline and routine. Your little pup will begin to be assertive and confident ready to test you in many situations. This is a fun time for learning, praise, and bonding as your puppy learns the rules of your household.

Know your puppy and the rewards will be amazing for a lifetime.

Source by Marc Smith

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House Cat Training – Litter Box Rules

In order to achieve successful house cat training you need to follow some specific rules relating the cat's litter box. Cats do have a tendency to use a litter box. But you do not want your cat soiling the house right?

First you must make sure that the litter box is made of a washable material. Plastic would be fine. The sides of the box should be low enough for your cat to enter and high enough to contain the litter.

OK now let's point out some basic litter box rules for a successful house cat training:

1. Keep the box in a quiet and safe place but do not hide it! Your cat should be able to find the litter box easily.

2. When you notice your cat using it's litter box give it some kind of reward afterwards. Keep winning the cat until you're sure it uses the litter box regularly.

3. Another effective house cat training method is to keep the litter box reliably clean. Do not over do it! Scoop the box daily and wash it weekly.

4. If your catch your cat accidentally soiling your house do not punish your pet. The punishment method will not work with cats. It will only make them afraid of you. Try to find out why your cat did not make use of the litter box and try to figure out a solution. House cat training is not always easy.

5. Try not to change the brand of the litter. Cats do not like changes and may respond by soiling the house.

6. Try not to use spotted litter as many cats hate that. They prefer their own odors inside and around the litter box.

If you follow the rules above and your cat is still soiling your house then maybe there's a medical problem affecting the animal's behavior. Maybe your cat is displaying some kind of aggression that needs to be treated as soon as possible. Try to clean the soiled area as good as you can to show the cat that that area should remain clean.

You can also consult a professional veterinarian or you can buy a house cat training book to get some answers on cat training.

Source by M. Markella

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Cat Training – Taming The Household Terror

Is your kitty the terror of the house? Is it always digging through the trash, climbing the curtains, teasing the furniture to pulp, jumping onto counter tops and tables and much, much more?

At first, it may have seemed cute to watch your kitten try to climb the living room curtains and reach the ceiling. A regular clown in the family as you all laughed at it's lovable antics. But this soon turned into a lot of frustration for you when you suddenly realized that this might be an unstoppable cat that seemed to get into everything.

Fear not, pet owner! There are a few things you can do to discourage this type of hyper behavior that has your cat running the show.


Replace with tension rods for the time being. When kitty begins to climb the curtains, they come tumbling down and scare the cat witless. It will not take the kitty very long to make the connection. After awhile, you can replace the tension rods because kitty will be too afraid to try curtain climbing again.


If you have a scratching post of some kind for kitty, but it is still teething up the furniture to shreds, then begin to take the kitty to it's scratching post and praise it for using this. If this is still not working out quite right, get a bottle of spray from the pet store to use on the furniture that your cat will not like. Also, keep it's scratching post in the same room so it will naturally want to use this instead of the furniture.


Leave enough empty cans and such on your counter tops so when kitty jumps up on them, they fall over and clatter. Cats hate loud sounds like these and will run from them. In time, your kitty will stop trying to jump up on the counters.

Trash Containers

If your kitty is a trash digger, then put a lid on the whole thing. The same goes for cats that like drinking water from the toilet bowl. This one is easy.

Setting Boundaries

Why is your cat running the show at your house? You may have one of those frisky bundles of fur that just has a ton of energy and likes to seek out adventure where the kitty can find it.

All cats want affectionate attention given to it. They want this praise, so give it as a reward for doing what is right. Stop trying to reprimand kitty. This is still attention being paid to it. Some cats are real attention getters. If you give it positive attention for behaving but do not give it the emotionally charged, chewing out when it misbehaves, this will go a long way.

Get kitty some creative toys that it can exert some of it's energy over and use these to play with kitty. This is good cat training. This is positive reinforcement for your cat to want to play with it's toys instead of raising up the house.

Source by Brian Manolo