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Pet Health – Most Common Skin Problems and How to Prevent Them

Humans want to keep their skin healthy-away from infections and skin conditions. The same is true with our pets. We want them to be healthy, especially in terms of their skin. There are a few skin conditions that pet owners should be knowledgeable about. They should also know about how these conditions can be prevented.

These conditions can appear as open lesions on the skin. Some hairy animals can experience hair loss on the affected areas. Depending on the causative agent, the affected area can be dry and cracked or have purulent discharges with red, fresh subcutaneous layers.

Poor hygiene is one of the most common causes of skin conditions in animals. So, in order to prevent such skin problems from occurring, owners are expected to bathe or clean their pets regularly or whenever there is a need to do so. The use of antibacterial and antifungal pet soaps, shampoos, or other products can greatly help prevent the development of such conditions.

Remember that there are different products for different problems. As said, antibacterial or antifungal formulations will be best for infections. There are also products specifically made for controlling the shedding of your pet's hair. There are also those that are for allergy control.

However, the type of pet product that you will use can either have good or bad effects your pet's skin. So, do make sure that you only use products that you trust. Those that have good track record in keeping animal's skin healthy will be your best choice.

Even during cold weather, your pet needs to be bathed to get rid of harmful organizations that have found refuge on their skin and hair. You just need to make sure that the water that you will be using is warm enough to ensure their comfort.

Notice that from time to time, your dog will shed off hair or skin. This is normal as they replace the old skin with a healthy one.

Your pet's diet also plays an important role to its skin's health. It is a no brainer that your pet's diet should be rich in proteins, vitamins and minerals. The amount of fats and carbohydrates should be limited. This can be provided to your pet simply on the food that you give it or you can give it supplements to make sure that vitamin and mineral requirements are met.

Omega 3 fatty acids are one of the most recommended minerals that your pet should take in. These are believed to have good effects on the skin as well as on the body's cells.

More about allergies, you need to be aware of what the causes of your pet's allergies are. Make sure that you avoid them from being exposed to such allergens. One of the most common causes is dog food that is laden with grains. Many dogs are allergic to these and can manifest with breaks or lesions on the skin. Reading the food label will allow you to know what you are giving your pets. You can ensure that there are no stones included or have least amount of grains included. You can even know what nutrients you are giving your pet.

Source by Jerri Torres

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Cat Behavior Problems – Cat Spraying

Cats may urinate in other parts of the house because:

1) They have cystitis (a bladder infection)

2) They have litter aversion

3) They are afraid to use the litter tray because it is in a high-traffic area and they are frequently disturbed

4) Another cat has used the tray or another cat chases or otherwise intimidates them when they try to approach the tray

5) They are marking part of the house as their territory.

Urine may be sprayed from a standing position or deposited from a squat. Spraying is nit usually associated with ill health. It is a way of marking territory or of expressing aggression by cats that do not have the confidence to engage in direct conflict.

Cats that are spraying or urinating in the house are often very anxious.

DEALING WITH URINATING IN THE HOUSE

Take the cat to the vet for a check-up. Confine the cat to one easily clean room when you can not supervise it, and provide a litter tray. If the cat does not use the tray while in the room, treat as described for soiling near the litter tray.

If the cat is using the litter tray in the room, typically reintroduce it to the rest of the house, having cleaned all previously soiled areas with an enzymatic cleaner. Do not allow the cat to be anywhere unsupervised. If it attempts to dig, squat or spray, squirt it with a water pistol or alarm it with a foghorn, but do not physically or verbally abuse it.

If the cat is marking territory, it may be that the social relations between the cats in the household somehow changed. Marking is often seen when a new cat is introduced to the household, masking may be done in response to a visitor staying for a few days or a new partner moving in. It can also occur in response to the presence of cats outside the house, and as a reaction to strange cats entering the house. Try to identify any major trigger factors. For example, if the cat is urinating or spraying on the windowsill, it is probably reacting to the presence of a strange cat outside. Fitting blind to the windows and keeping the cat out or the room when these blinds are not closed will solve the problem. If you have seen strange cats hanging around, invest in a cat door that is electronically operated by a trigger on your cat's collar. This ensures that no other cat can enter.

If you feel that the cat may be stressed by changes that have occurred within the household, try to provide it with extra attention and some stability by playing a game with it at a fixed time daily. This helps to reduce anxiety.

These problems can be difficult to solve and you may need the help of an animal behaviorist to identify the cause of the problem.
PREVENTING SPRAYING IN THE HOUSE

Ensure that strange cats can not enter the promises and the there are enough clean litter trays. Try not to change the home environment suddenly. Introduce the cat to new flatmates before they move in and take things slowly, Take care to introduce new cats or other new pets to new ct gradually too. Provide some routines and ensure that each cat has a special place to which it can retreat, such as the shelf on a cat tree, cupboard od cardboard box where it will feel safe.

Source by Jin Tuncit

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Message Board Security Problems

Security leaks can be a big problem for any site using a message board. Hackers can actually use your message board to go in and change things on your site. This has happened to me at least four times. Once an iframe was added to every single page of one of my very large sites. Thankfully, I had it completely backed up, so all I had to do was send the pages back up to the server. Twice, the front page of one of my sites was hijacked. The entire content of the front page was replaced by some note from a hacker stating he had been there.

The last time one of my sites had to be taken down to prevent the server from crashing. After calling my web host they were able to tell me my message board was the cause of the problem. I used, and still do on some sites, the phpbb message board. It is one of the most popular boards on the internet, and it's free. The web host tech told me that the problem was that a virus of sorts had been placed onto the server, through the message board, in the message board folder, and was calling out to other servers causing a major load on my web host's server. To fix the problem the web host tech found the file and deleted it. After that, all I had to do was update to the latest version of phpbb and so far so good.

If you use a popular message board like phpbb you need to make sure you've always got the latest version. The more popular a message board is, the more hackers are likely to strike. Perhaps the familiarity is the problem or maybe the hackers know that they can get a lot of bites going after a widely used board. As of this writing, the most current version of phpbb is 2.0.15. As the phpbb guys are always security conscious they have added to this version a re-authentication to access the administration panel.

Forums are a very important part of a website, but they can be the downfall if your board script is not updated on a regular basis.

Source by Tim Frady

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Cat Training Problems? Train a Better Kitty Through Feline Communication

Cats are amazing, unique and intelligent animals. Any cat lover knows this instinctively and believes they have a wonderful connection and understanding of their kitty. It comes as a surprise to many when their adorable cat misbehaves by clawing furniture, being antisocial, refusing to use the kitty litter and so on. We ask ourselves why and wonder why normal animal training techniques do not work. While there are many reasons of all of these things one of the core concepts you need to know when you have cat training problems is how to really communicate with your feline.

Cats communicate in four ways:

Visual
The first and easiest way to communicate with you cat is to understand their visual cues. While there are more obvious cues like wagging tail when annoyed and the ears going back when scared or angry there are other more false cues. For instance did you know that when you make eye contact with a cat if you lower your eyes and squint slightly it is a sign of acknowledgment and affection to a cat? Or that if their whiskers are flared it means they are alert. There are many cues a cat gives to use that we need to learn and can replicate back at them and they will understand.

Vocal
The noises a cat makes also give us clues to know what they are thinking. The obvious signs are purring when happy and hissing or growling when annoyed. There are many other sounds cats make that we can learn however like the loud meow which is usually for attention, the sigh (much like a humans) when contented and the chatter which is issued usually when a cat is stalking prey they can not get bird on the other side of a window). The tone and pitch of these various sounds mean different things and being clued up to the nuances can tell you if a cat just wants attention or if it is stressed or many other things.

Touch
Cats love to be touched and petted as long as it does not become painful and petting an affectionate cat has been proven to lower blood pressure and be good for us. How a cat touches you can mean things too; when rubbing the sides of its face against you it is marking you with a scent claiming you as their own, this is a true sign of affection. If a cat lets you rub their belly it is also a sign of trust as it is their most vulnerable place when in a fight so letting you near it is very intimate. Cats also use their bodies to trip you which may be annoying but it is an attention getting device more than a pure show of affection. Knowing how your cat uses their body to communicate and how you should hold, pet and touch your pet is vital vital to training them.

Smell
This is something we as humans can not really tap into. Cats have a heightened sense of smell that allows them to see more than we can in that realm. They can sense things by smell we can not and may react to something they smell when we can not make them seem erratic. They can also smell when we are stressed or angry by our smell (along with body language and so on) so it can work both ways. Be aware your cat can smell better than you and that this may trigger something you can not see.

All in all if you have cat training problems you must go back to square one with cat understanding before you can move on to more complex problems like getting them to use the kitty litter or stop scratching furniture. Once you have this understanding you will see many mistakes before you make them and adjust your action for a better behaved and happier cat!

Source by Michael Porteous

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Common Cat Behavior Problems

The domestic cat has evolved from wild animals and because of this your cat can sometimes have behavior problems. Litter box problems, spraying and aggressive behavior are a few of the problems cat owners can encounter. These problems can be very frustrating for even the most loving cat owners. Those reasons alone can cause one to take their cat to an animal shelter to only be adopted by an unsuspecting new owner.

Cats will sometimes refuse to use their litter box. This could be caused by a medical condition, stress or if the box is not cleaned often enough. Aggression is another problem cats can have. This could appear as aggressive behavior towards another cat or toward its owner. Some cats will bite their owners just to get attention. Some bite while your playing with them because they have not learned that they can hurt you if they play to rough. Male cats spraying is a very annoying problem. This can be caused by them wanting to mark their territory or by getting aroused if they even see other cats out the window. Spraying can also occur if you've recently moved to a new home and your cat is unfamiliar with its surroundings. Having new guests in your home or a new baby can also trigger this behavior. Discovering the cause of the problem helps to quickly resolve the bad behavior. Another common problem many cat owners have with their cats is them waking them up so early to disturb their much needed rest. Cats take many cat naps during the day so they may be wanting to play with you when your trying to get that last few winks before the alarm clock goes off. A very simple way to stop this is to keep them up later in the evenings playing with them so they sleep longer in the mornings. After a couple of weeks they'll be on their new schedule.

Most cat behavioral problems can be solved when you can identify why they are behaving that way. Having a stable environment for your pet and spending play time with them will help to prevent problems.

Source by Annie Brolin

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Solving Common Storage Problems With Clothes Hangers

Considering that they are more delicate and precious than standard clothing items, expensive clothes and luxurious garments should be stored properly with proper clothes hangers. This ensures that the owners of the clothes would not have to spend time and money on temporary fixes.

Here are common storage problems that homeowners might come across:

Broken/Loose threads and fabric deterioration

Hangers made of poor quality materials cause garments to sag. Fabrics that are thinning may also become prone to broken and loose threads. Padded closet accessories can help avoid this problem. These protect delicate garments such as camisoles, lingerie, and other intimate apparel from snagging on any rough and sharp edges. If any clothes are found with minor damage, these must be immediately sent to a seamstress for mending to prevent it from worsening.

Holes and tears

Common causes of this problem include using poorly-made hangers, loose threads left unfixed, and insects. Small holes can be sent to a seamstress for patching. However, this may permanently affect the look of the clothes and the integrity of the material. To prevent these problems for jackets, pants, and coats, they can be stored in garment bags and hung on strong wood hangers.

Stretching, sagging, and bulging

These problems occur when garments are stored in a hanging position for a long time on a weak hanger. This is why clothes that can only be worn during one particular fashion season such as evening gowns and should be regularly checked for these problems. Steaming and ironing these clothes as well as sending them to the dry cleaners can lessen the severity of the problem. Using high-quality clothes hangers is also advisable since they provide support to heavy garments.

Wrinkles

Crammed storage spaces are the most common causes of this problem. Using fabric softeners can make garments more resistant to wrinkling. Ironing or steaming the dresses can get rid of wrinkles, depending on its severity.

As excellent space-savers, using well-made metal or thin acrylic hangers prevents this problem by ensuring that there is ample space between garments. These also prevent dimpling which are basically wrinkles that are tougher to get rid of.

Discoloration

Overcrowded closets facilitate inadequate airflow between garments which can cause fabric discoloration. Clothes that are frequently washed should also be monitored for this problem since cleaning chemicals can cause discoloration if clothes are not completely dry.

Carefully choosing the right high-quality hangers for different garments, such as thinner ones for shirts and thicker ones for jackets, can improve air flow by helping to create sufficient space between garments. This also ensures that clothes do not come in contact with each other, thus preventing color transfer.

Source by Seleena Ismael

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Chihuahua Training Tips To Deal With Biting And Nipping Problems

When dealing with a chihuahua that has a biting problem, it is important not to make it worse or cause other problems. It is important to be consistent with your chihuahua training and give your chihuahua a clear message that biting is unacceptable behaviour.

To achieve this, avoid rough play, wrestling, slapping and intense petting particularly around their mouth area. When playing with a chihuahua that has biting problems, keep your hands slow. Also start petting your chihuahua slowly. Owners of biting and nippy chihuahua’s should also avoid any games that involve biting. All these types of games will actually only encourage biting.

Biting and nipping is a normal behaviour among dogs so consistency is very important in your chihuahua training. Consistently remind your chihuahua that teeth on skin behaviour is unacceptable. Not using consistency will only increase the difficulty in eradicating the problem later.

Give your chihuahua plenty of exercise, as this is great for burning off their energy. Some chihuahua’s bite simply because it is a way to burn off this energy. Exercise is also a great way to keep your chihuahua fit and healthy. At times you are not always the only person around your chihuahua so always educate other people interacting with your chihuahua not to encourage their biting. Inform them of the chihuahua training you are implementing. Again if its yourself, family members or friends, consistency plays a major part in your chihuahua training success.

Chihuahuas will sometimes have tender and sore gums as a puppy while teething just like humans, so biting at this stage is pretty much guaranteed to happen. The best way to overcome this is to use a soft chew toy. Any time your chihuahua puppy nips or places their teeth on your skin, replace your finger or hand with the chew toy and praise your chihuahua with a “good dog” and maybe a gentle scratch. Most pet stores have a range of these chew toys used especially for puppy teething.

Another tip is the instant your chihuahua puts their teeth on skin, stop what you are doing and basically freeze. It is important and may take practice, since it is a natural reaction to pull away once bitten or nipped. When you stop and freeze, say “no.”. They will usually take their mouths away, then after a moment of no biting, praise and reward their non-biting. If your chihuahua bites or nips again, repeat the process. If after a few times your chihuahua continues to bite, give them a while of ignoring them. Although this may seem a passive way to address this problem, it sends a message to the dog. That message is, “I will not give you attention when you bite.” After a while you may approach and resume playing with your chihuahua, provided they do not start biting again.



Source by Paul R Hutton

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Solving Behavior Problems in Your English Mastiff Dog

Mastiff dogs are not mean dogs; However, they are huge and imposing. If they are not properly trained at an early age they will quickly figure out that their size gives them control. This can lead to some behavior problems in your English Mastiff dog. The following are suggestions to solving some behavioral problems in Mastiffs.

Aggression

Aggression can be a problem with Mastiffs. Since they often outweigh their owners they can be found pushing ahead of people, shoving people out of their way, refusing to get off furniture, or guarding food and toys.

To prevent aggressive behavior you must take control and not allow it. For instance, if your mastiff pushes ahead of you through doorways, teach him to sit at the doorway until you give the signal to come. Instead of retreating when your dog shoves you, push him back, inviting his space. Your actions will teach your dog that you are in control. Never be cruel to your pet. You can use a distraction such as a toy or treat to lure him when he is misbehaving- such as refusing to get off the sofa. Always reward good behavior. Spaying or neutering can also reduce aggressive behavior.

Excessive Barking

If your English Mastiff dog has a problem with excessive barking you need to determine why because this is not a common problem in Mastiff dogs. It could be that your dog is bored or lonely. Be sure that you spend plenty of time with your with your dog and that he has toys and play time.

To deter your dog from barking you can wrap you hand around his muzzle and say "Quiet" or "No Barking." Be sure to praise him when he quiets down. You can use what is called a "shake can" to discourage barking. When your dog barks, take a soda can with a few pennies or pebbles in it (taped shut), and throw it in the direction of your pet. Do not hit him with it. The idea is that the noise with startle your dog and so he stops barking. Then, again, praise him for being quiet.

Chewing

Like many other breeds, Mastiffs love to chew on anything and everything. This habit needs to be controlled from the beginning. Providing appropriate chew toys while he young is very helpful. Keep valuable items out of reach of your Mastiff and be sure to rotate the chew toys so your dog will not get bored.

If you see your English Mastiff chewing on something he should not, take the object away and replace it with an acceptable toy to chew on. Praise him for chewing on the appropriate item. Be diligent and observant.

Jumping Up

Most people view their pet jumping up as a welcome. However, this thinking is incorrect. Jumping up is a sign of dominant behavior and should be discouraged, especially in giant breeds such as Mastiffs. Teach your puppy that sitting will be rewarded with attention, but jumping up will be ignored. If your Mastiff tries to jump up on you, step back or turn away so that no contact is made. Then tell him to sit and praise him when he obeys the command.

Shyness

A common problem among Mastiffs is shyness. Shyness can be an inborn condition or it can develop due to lack of socialization. Socialization is one of the most critical aspects of owning a Mastiff. It can be quite difficult to take your dog to the vet, or go on a trip with him if prefers to stay at home and only wants to interact with the family. Take your puppy out as often as possible. Allow your dog to meet people in different places. You can help him get used to other dogs and pets by regularly walking him at a dog park.

These are a few solutions to some of the behavioral problems you can encounter with your English Mastiff dog. Training should start at an early age and this will help to eliminate future problems. If you have severe behavior problems with your dog you might want to get the advice of his veterinarian or see a specialist.



Source by Sam Daniels

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Dog Dominance Behavior – Dog Humping and Dog Mounting Problems

Among the many dog ​​dominance behaviors, those surrounded by perhaps more myths than any others are dog mounting problems and dog humping women. No, contrary to popular opinion, these obnoxious dog instinctive behaviors have absolutely nothing to do with sex. How embarrassing, though, for those who do not know this!

"Do not worry," I said to a client who was bright red as he observed his male pup trying to mount mine. Visibly, the client wanted to dig a hole and hide. He was mortified! His dog aggressively continued in his attempts at dog mounting and dog humping on mine, especially going for the head. (My good-natured, large dog easily shakes him off.)

"I did not know my dog ​​was queer," he said very sheepishly and apologetically. I could not contain my laughter as I reassured the man that it was not so. How common is that misconception? In the dog world, there is no such thing as a "gay dog!"

One dog mounting over another one's head, or even unsheathing his penis, is fairly common. The mounting dog is seriously trying to seize control over all others. The unsheathing is to release his scents on the other dog, to proclaim to all the others that he won the battle over this one.

Think about this fact: If a male dog mounts a female for mating purposes, his equipment does not miss its target. He does not fail to put it in the right place. If his intentions toward another male dog were sexual, it would be done. Note that his aim, when riding up behind the other dog, is OVER the tail and back, not under the tail. That is NOT sexual! Riding up on another dog's back raises the first dog above him. It is a reminder that, "Hey, you're not the boss here!"

When the dog mounts another one's head, he is going to one of the most extreme displays of dominance in the dog world. The head is the highest part of the dog. Bringing the head down brings the dog down from his highest point. It is all about who is higher than what.

When a dog unsheathes his penis and releases liquid, that forces the dog who is leaked on to wear the scent of the dominant one. It is a very potent scent and places for some time, making the low rank obvious for many miles – and even to other packs within scent range.

Dogs constantly try to dominate each other. That is dog instinctive behavior, among the rituals they go through every time they meet each other. The dogs will first size each other up through eye contact. If one surrenders by lying down, then leadership is settled. If not, the wrestle for dominance really begins.

As they wrestle for the dominant dog position, the dogs continue to mount each other until one rolls over submissively and turns his eyes away. Until the eyes have completely turned away, surrender has not happened, and the dog who is losing may try a sneak attack against the other. Look out!

We homo sapiens usually prefer the challenge of a game such as "rock-paper-scissors," a mind game like chess or Scrabble, or a socially acceptable ball game. It is less embarrassing to the public eye.

You have sometimes seen dog fights break out as the dogs jockey for position, through wrestling or stare-down dares. Usually, however, one dog raises his head higher than the other, and the one with the lower head surrenders.

Clearly, this is an instinctive dog behavior, a ritual dogs often go through. I recommend to all who are interested to question experts and to study this dog dominance behavior for themselves. Dog humping women and dog mounting problems have nothing to do with sex, and they CAN be solved. Remember, there is no such thing as a "GAY DOG!"



Source by Rena Murray

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How to Stop Your Cat’s Urination Problems

Having your cat urinating all over your home can be extremely troublesome. Especially when it happens after you thought you had successfully litter trained your cat. Rather than getting angry, it may be more appropriate for you to be worried. You should strongly consider taking kitty for a check-up at the vet. There are a number of diseases which can cause your cat to suddenly start urinating uncontrollably. One of these diseases is a urinary tract infection which could be potentially fatal if left untreated. As a matter of fact, any sudden change in kitty’s behavior merits a visit to the vet, just in case.

While kitty peeing outside the litter box is an obvious clue, you should also be on alert about your cat’s urination habits. If you notice kitty making more trips to the litter box than normal, or releasing a greater than usual volume of urine, or its urine having a different smell, etc, all these are warning signs of illness. If you truly love your cat, then you need to be vigilant about its health.

Once ill health has been ruled out, you need to look into environmental factors. The most obvious one is moving house. There are one or two cat owners who somehow failed to realize that their cats became confused and could not find the litter box in their new homes. Or simply did not like the new location of the litter box. In any case, if you move house, be prepared to litter train your cat all over again.

Any number of factors could cause stress to your cat and cause it to urinate away from its litter box, even something as subtle as a change in your working schedule. On the one hand, this is rather inconvenient to you. On the other hand, a part of me would be happy, because this shows that kitty misses me and cares about me. It’s nice to know that you are more than just the person who fills kitty’s food dish, isn’t it? Anyway, if you cannot remove the cause of kitty’s stress, you will just have to toilet train your cat again. Besides this, you may want to learn cat massage. Just like for humans, massage can soothe away some of your cat’s stress. If all else fails, you may need to get a something from your vet to help soothe kitty. However, I strongly advise against aromatherapy or the use of massage oils unless your vet can recommend a safe brand. Cats are often sensitive to such oils and scents. There have been cases of poisoning reported.

Something that few people think about is the litter. Just because you still buy the same brand does not mean the manufacturer is still making the litter exactly the same. There could be major or even just minor changes to the final end product, and it could be noticeable to your cat. Remember that its sense of touch and smell is much better than yours.

The problem could even be the litter box. Are your cat still using the same litter box as when it was a kitten? Or has your cat grown old… You may need to try a different-sized litter box.

Did I mention that smell is important? Did you change the cleaner you used to wash the litter box? Are you cleaning the area around the litter box with a different cleaner? Perhaps kitty hates the smell of the new cleaning product and that is why it is urinating elsewhere. Or did you use a different cleaning product for your house. The new cleaner could be confusing kitty.

Your cat is a sensitive creature of habit. First, you need to eliminate health problems as the cause of your cat’s urination problem. After that, it takes time and patience and loving care to investigate the cause of the problem. A case study published by the American College of Veterinary Behaviorists (JAVMA, Vol 224, No. 10, May 15, 2004) reported that they took several years to resolve the problem. Partly it was because the cat in question had health problems. The vet needed to try different medications which would both clear up the medical conditions as well as not cause the cat to urinate uncontrollably. At the same time, there was no stability in the home environment. The owner got a divorce, and found a new boyfriend. And apparently some stray cats moved into the neighborhood.



Source by Katherin Towers