Posted on

The Origins and History of Rats

Rats have not always been the fun, multi-colored, patterned little pets that we see or own today. There are many different species and they can be found more or less all over the world. They play a major part in history and religions worldwide, as well as today's modern society. This article aims to explore the history of rats in various different cultures.

Let's begin with the origins. Rats are rodents of the Muroidea family. As rodents, their teeth grow continuously and they need to gnaw things on a regular basis to prevent their teeth from over growing and causing painful damage to their heads. They are not picky in what the gnaw, they can even gnaw through concrete and steel and are reputed to have a biting pressure of up to 7000lbs per square inch.

Many rodents and small mammals are described as rats although they are not 'True rats', example of these include the North American Pack Rat and the Kangaroo Rat. 'True Rats' are rats which fall in to the Latin genus Rattus , the most common of these being the Black Rat – Rattus Rattus and the Brown Rat – Rattus Norvegicus . These two rats are the best known and most important to humans. The Black Rat is more timid and less seen compared to the Brown Rat. This is mainly due to the Brown Rat driving out the Black rat, taking over its habitat and competitiveness for its food. Many other species have also become endangered through competition with both the Black and Brown Rat. Fancy Rats are of the Rattus Norvegicus species, the same as sewer rats!

Rats are distinguished from mice by their size, mice generally being smaller and lighter. This is not an entirely accurate way to determine the class, as some rats can have the characteristics of mice and vice versa. As new species are being discovered the standard classifications can be confusing.

Brown Rats originated in Asia in the grass lands of China. They began to spread across Europe in 1553 and arrived in the US in 1775 after hiding away and traveling on cargo ships. Black Rats arrived in Britain long before the Brown Rat although there are no specific records of an exact time. Reports of bones found in London indicate that the Black Rat lived there as early as the mid-third century AD and in York in the 5th Century AD

Today's rat is opportunistic and lives near to humans, quite often in their homes! This has caused them to become classed as pests. Since one pair of rats can produce up to 300 young per year, many places have become overrun with the mischievous little critters.

Most people do not realize that rats are a lot more complicated and interesting than they are depicted. They live in colonies which contain complex hierarchies, where they form deep bonds, often risking their own lives to save family and friends. They are highly social, very intelligent and posses psychological exercises very similar to humans.

A group of rats are known as a pack, or more aptly a 'mischief'. The males are referred to as bucks, females as does and the young as pups or kittens. Dominated rats differ greatly to their wild counterparts, with smaller hearts, brains, livers, kidneys and adrenal glands. They are also more prone to illness, possibly due to inbreeding.

These animals are usually portrayed as being dirty and diseased, though it is not true. Rats are constantly cleaning and grooming themselves and other pack members. Wild rats are generally robust and healthy, though city lodging rats have poor diets and can have internal parasites. These can not be passed on to humans. In fact, rats have very few zoonotic conditions. The most well known of these is Leptospirosis which is also known as Weil's disease and infects the liver, although this is very rare.

Rats have spread all over the world and are worshiped in many cultures. Although in the Western world they are still frowned upon, possibly because of their association with the Black Plague which I will talk about later on.

First, let's look at India, where rats are treated like royalty. In the North West Indian city of Deshnoke there stands an ornate temple dedicated to Karni Mata, the rat Goddess. Many people in our society would describe the obstacles interior as horrifying, but to a rat lover such as myself, the contents are both wondrous and beautiful.

Thousand of furry brown bodies writhe across the floor and scurry up the intricate gold and silver work that lines the walls. The temple is overrun with rats, there are well over 20,000. It is the duty of the attending to put out bowls of milk and grain for the swarm of rats, because they believe that ever, these furry brown souls will be reincarnated as Sadhus , Hindi holy men. People pilgrim to this temple, traveling miles just to sit and share food with the rats, or Kabbas , their name for the holy animal. They often eat and drink from the same bowls as the rats, believing that food touched by a Kabbas is a blessing from God.

Many people in our culture would find this temple to be strange or revolting, but it can not be denied that all religions practice customs that may seem strange to an outsider. The rat loving Hindu temple was constructed in the 1900's by the Maharaja Ganga as a tribute to the rat Goddess Karni Mata. Kings often constructed sentences to Goddesses more than Gods, believing the Goddesses to be more sympathetic and likely to help them achieve their goals.

The legend goes that Karni Mata was a mystic matriarch from the 14th century. It was said that she was an incarnation of Durga, the Goddess of power and victory. At some point during her life, the child of one of her clansmen died. She tried in vain to bring the child back to life, only to be told by Yama, the God of death, that the child had already been reincarnated. Karni Mata then cut a deal with Yama: From that point onwards, all of her tribes people would be reborn as rats until they could be reborn in to her clan once more.

The rat is also recognized in India as the vehicle of Lord Ganesh and pictures often depict him riding on the back of a rat. There are always statues of rats in the temple of Ganesh. In Curzon Park, Calcutta, India there is an attraction simply named 'Rat Park', where hundreds of rats scurry around inside a huge wire enclosure.

In Imperial Chinese culture the rat is the first animal of the Chinese zodiac. Rats are revered for their quick wit, ability to hold on to items of value, friendship, natural charm and loyalty to their friends and family. The year of the rat falls on 1948, 1960, 1972, 1984, 1996 and 2008. People who are born in the year of the rat are said to possess the rat-like qualities of creativity, honesty, generosity and ambition, but also a quick temper and wastefulness.

The rat is the first animal of the Chinese zodiac and the story goes that the twelve animals were standing on the bank of a river arguing about who should head the cycle of years. The Gods were asked to decide and they held a contest, who even reached the opposite side of the river first would win and the rest would receive their years in the order that they finished. They all jumped in to the river, but what the ox did not realize is that the rat was traveling on his back. So the rat jumped off first and won. The pig was very lazy and finished last. That is why the rat appeared first, with the ox second and the pig has the last year.

In old Japan, white rats were seen as the messenger of one of the seven Gods of luck, Daikoku. It is because of this reason that rats are not killed. There is an old story about rats in the Japanese culture: An elderly rat coup0le wanted the strongest husband in the world for their daughter. They asked the sun, who declined, saying that the clouds were stronger than him as they could cover him up. They asked a cloud who said, 'The wind is stronger than I because he can blow me away.' The wind could not make the grade either, 'The wall stops me cold,' he said. Even though he wall was honored by the offer, he wailed 'The rat is stronger than I! He can bore a hole right through me! ' So the couple wisely wave their daughter in marriage to another rat, who was indeed the strongest creature of them all. At New year, the Japanese leave rice cakes out to honor the rats.

In Ancient Rome there was no classification between rats and mice, they were simply referred to as 'big mouse' and 'little mouse'. The Romans saw rats as omens, seeing a white rat was considered auspicious, although black ones had unfortunate significance. It was said that if a rat had gnawed your personal possessions, you should postpone any business you may have been considering that day.

It is unclear as to whether or not rats held any significance in Ancient Egypt. There are pictures which show anthropomorphic rats, but there appears to be no rat deity. It is believed that rats were pests in Egypt, destroying crops and belongings, which is probably why the cat is held in high favor.

Perhaps the most memorable event in British history concerned rats is undatedly the Black Plague. It is possibly because of this that the Western world has such a negative association with the rat.

It is often said that the rats were the actual cause of the Black Plague. This is not true, the rats themselves were also victims. The plague was caused by the micro organism, Yersinia Pestis , which was transported by the Tropical Rat Flea. The bacterium blocked the fleas stomach causing an insatiable hunger. So the fleas fed on the rats. During the feeding process the flea would regurgitate some of the bacteria in the open open, infecting its victim. After a while the victim died and very soon the starving flea had less and less to prey on, so it moved on to another victim, humans.

The disease itself flared up in Mongolia in the Gobi desert around 1320 and rapidly spread along the trade route, infecting much of Asia before moving through Europe. The plague ever arrived in Britain in 1348, and by 1349 every town and village in Britain had been infected.

The disease became known as the Bubonic Plague, as it caused painful swapping of the lymph nodes – bubodes. Throughout the years there were many cases as the plague came and went through areas of Britain. But in 1665 the great plague hit London, killing half of its population. The disease was spread from person to person via airborne water droplets, mainly coughs and sneezes. Due to the lack of medical knowledge at the time, it raged through the city. An epidemic was upon us.

It started as an accute fever with headaches, exhaustion, chills and delirium. The lymph nodes swelled up and became hot and painful to touch. The final stages were septicaemia, coughing up blood and a lung infection. Four or five days later, death arrived.

No one really knows how the plague ever came to an end. Reasons could have been lack of food sources, the bacterium becoming weaker or simply the fact that the survival humans were becoming immune. Frighteningly enough, the Bubonic plague is still common in parts of the world today, though it can be treated and does not have the same destructive effects.

During the Victorian ages, London was swarming with rats. Rats being the cheeky, opportunistic creatures that they are, realized that there was plenty of food and places to live instead of having to struggle for survival. The abundance of rats lead to a cruel new blood sport, which although is ghastly and gory, is one of the reasons we have Fancy Rats today.

Rat baiting was seen as an entertaining way to keep the pests under control. Men used large amounts of live rodents and bought them in sacks to public sporting homes. The rats were then dumped in to a pit with a dog, or sometimes even a grown man. The dog (or man) was then timed as it toure through the pack. Whiche dog killed the most rats in the shortest time was declared the winner.

Jimmy Shaw managed one of the largest public sporting homes in London. After a while he began collecting and breeding oddly colored rats to create more colors and patterns. He then sold these 'new' rats to the public as pets.

But the man who can be credited as the originator of the first true domestic rats, was the Royal rat catcher, Jack Black. The rise of the rat population meant that many men had found new employment as exterminators, or rat catchers as they were known at the time. It was often these men who supplied to sporting homes. In his line of work, Black came across many rats and after a while he too began to collect and breed the odd colored ones he found. After a while he had quite the collection; albinos, fawns, greys and marked rodents, which he then sold as pets. Between them, Jack Black and Jimmy Shaw sold hundreds of pet rats, laying down the foundations from which today's Fancy Rats originate.

In the 1800's, colored or 'Fancy' mice became popular pets. People began to realize that these furry little critters made delightful and entertaining companions. They were very easy to keep, only needing small housing as well as food and water, and with the different varieties in color and pattern they were also pleasing to the eye. Interest in mice continued to rise, until in 1895 the National Mouse Club was founded in the UK. The NMC set up the different standards and varieties and also held shows.

Meanwhile, dwelling in the background was a very special lady, Mary Douglas. In 1901, Ms Douglas wrote to the NMC concerning Fancy Rats and asked if their club would consider expanding their interests to include the Fancy Rat. After much debate, the NMC agreed and that same year, the classes for Fancy Rats were staged.

By 1912 the interest in Fancy Rats had exploded and was so high that he had NMC decided to change their name to 'The National Mouse and Rat Club'. It was during this time that the scientific community discovered the benefits of rats in research. In 1921 Mary Douglas passed away and the interest in rats began to wane again. The NMC returned to their old name.

Over the following years, the rat lovers longed for an official club of some description, but the interest in rats as pets was still too low and there was not enough rat fanciers to make a decent club or society. The rat fanciers were left wanting until 1976, when interest was high enough again to start up the National Fancy Rat Society, the first ever rat only organization.

Interest in having rats as pets grew rapidly and very soon new varieties were found and standardized. The National Fancy Rat Society is still active today and remains the UK's number one rat club.

Source by Stacey Silver

Posted on

How To Search Google For Country Specific Results

Running an international online business with the capability to service people from any country means that you want your site to perform well not only in local country specific results but also global results. You may not realize this but doing a standard Google search and leaving the "full web" option selected does not necessarily give you your website's true location in the Google global results. It gives you the global results given your location.

For example, the results of doing a full web search in my home city of Brisbane Australia will be different to a full web search from Toronto Canada.

Google gives results based on your location even when you are not stipulating a local result. You can click your local country only result button and get sites that are from your home country, usually determined by the domain name extension, for example for Australia, .ca for Canada, etc. or the IP address of your web hosting server, or you can click the web option and get global Internet results that vary depending on your computer's location in the world (based on the IP address of the computer you are using to access the Internet).

Think Global

If your business can service the world then you really can not ignore the American marketplace, or if you are in the USA do not forget about Europe, Asia and the rest. Since you need to know how well your site is performing in Google global search results and unfortunately simply ticking the "the web" option in Google when searching can be misleading because your ranking will be different if it was someone in a different country doing the exact same search.

What you want to know is when someone in the UK does a Google search for one of your terms, how high is your website up in the search results? With this little trick you can figure it out.

The Code

All you need to do is add & gl = uk to the URL at the end of the Google search query.

For example: & gl = uk

This tells Google to spit out the results for the query based on UK servers.

I can not guarantee 100% conclusively that this works as I expect it does, but it definitely does something and you should try it yourself and see if your site shows up in a different place in the results. The "gl" stands for G eographic L ocation and of course you can exchange the last letters to test different country results around the world.

Source by Yaro Starak

Posted on

American Mastiff Puppies – Getting the Perfect One

If you found this article you're probably interested in buying a brand new American mastiff Puppy. Congratulations I know you'll be happy with this choice of breed, but if you want to find the perfect American mastiff you're going to need to find the perfect American mastiff breeder first. Here are a few tips.

Search online search engines for "American mastiff breeder" and take down the names and numbers of those that you find.

Go to local dog shows and find any American mastiff show dogs and approach there owners and ask about providing a breeder reference.

Go to the park; an off leash area where many dog ​​owners hang out and see if there is anyone walking there American mastiff. If so go approach them and ask for a breeder reference.

Now that you have several breeder leads, you going to screen out the best. This is done initial with a phone call. Now the scope of this article will not let me go into the specifics on what you would say on this call but you should know what you're looking for.

When you call the breeder you're looking for honesty, confidence, and someone that has a true passion for bringing the American mastiff. In fact I'm confident that you could call any breeder up and if they are a reputable breeder they would start asking you more questions about why you want an American mastiff in the first place.

Through the conversation you should get a general feel for what the breeder is like and if you can have a trusting relationship with them; on to the next phase, the visit.

Now that you have a few breeders you spoke too (it would be good to have two or three) and have setup a visit with them, here are a few important things to look out for upon the visit.

Are the dogs happy ?, Are the mastiffs well fed ?, Are they social ?, and do they have a good home with plenty of space to run around in.

You want to observe a positive environment and a positive happy dog ​​when you visit them. This is what truly reflects on the breeder as being someone who is passionate and loving towards her dogs and her bre choice.

Now, the fun part …
This is where you pick a puppy. Now keep in mind most of the time the breeder will not have puppies available to take home immediately. Most of you will need to wait a period of time for a litter to be born and raised by its mother for sixteen weeks.

I know, the waiting time can be a pain, but the reward is a quality and healthy mastiff puppy that will have less medical conditions and a long life with you and your family.

Have a good life with your new American mastiff puppy!

Source by Steve Blake

Posted on

Pet Stain Removal Off Carpets – Organic Pet Stain Removal Tips and Advice

Did your cat mistake your carpet for the litter box again? Other pet stains? Worried about that carpet smell? WAIT! Before you call a professional carpet cleaning service, take a look at some of these expert carpet cleaning and pet stain removal tips on how to remove carpet stains your pets made. All recommendations here also apply to area rug cleaning. Having a door-mat or small area rug in front of your entrance helps prevent a lot of potential pet and dirt stains. If left unattended, these stains can grow into a harmful mold smell. When there is a significant amount of soil, using a good suction vacuum with a good air filtration (one that removes 99% of airborne particles) and spinning brushes is going to help get that dirt and any other detritus out from the bottom of the carpet .

Removing cat urine stains
If it is a cat urine that is causing the stain, do not use ammonia! Cat urine has ammonia in it, it will only cause the cat to return to the same place and do it again. Dab the area lightly with a paper towel. Do not blot it with anything. Once it is dry, mix a 1/2 a cup of white wine vinegar and 1/2 a cup of warm water, pour the solution on the carpet stain, and then sprinkle on baking soda, to quell the odor (of the pet smell and the vinegar). Wait, and repeat if necessary. The area should take several hours to dry.

Removing dog urine stains
We all know how it goes, the bigger the animal, the bigger the mess, and the task of pet stain removal is more challenging. When it is a dog urine smell or stain, and it is strong, you can try using a teaspoon of hydrogen peroxide, salt or baking soda with warm water and / or dish soap. You can also use this mixture on cat stains and any other sever pet stains. Remember, always give your pets lots of love, but too much of it, and they might get over-excited and pee on your carpet!

Benefits of using a professional carpet cleaning service
In order to keep the same color tone all over the carpet you may want to have a professional carpet cleaning service attend to the job. The advantages include savings in time and money (keeping your carpet), by wisely applying the most appropriate treatment for the stained area and the entire carpet, maintaining its original uniform looks, using the most advanced methods, processes, solutions and tools.

Source by Judith Chriqui

Posted on

The 5 Guidelines You Must Follow In Teaching Your Puppy

Here we have 5 very useful guidelines that you can use when you are working with your puppy. You will want to teach him to be and you also want him to be in the right frame of mind and condition to learn. This will make your experience more meaningful and enjoyable for both of you.

1. You will want to be brief: Compared to a child, how short do you imagine your puppies attention span is. We all know that a child's attention span is short so we will have to make sure that we remember this as we are working with our puppy. Our teaching will only be effective when we have his attention. If your puppy is physically exhausted and tired mentally, while your are trying to teach him new things, you can not expect to see the results that you wish. You will want to put your puppy through his training activity and then move on. You will have to keep it brief.

2. You want to keep things very simple: You will want to teach your puppy in a progressive step by step manner. Puppies learn the best this way so it will be the best possible process for you to take. You will find this will increase enjoyment and your puppy learn at an higher rate of speed if you will take this step by step approach.

3. Please be patient: You do not want to create a bad experience for your puppy. If you expect to have results immediately you will be frustrated and will have your puppy training loose focus. Puppies learn in spurts and these training's will take time. Your puppy will also go through lapses of memory and this is normal. One day your puppy might remember his training perfectly and the next day have completely forgotten it. When it comes to his training you want to relax and be patient.

4. You will have to be gentle: A young puppy can not handle a lot of psychological or emotional stress. They are sensitive and you will have to work with them accordingly. They can learn quickly and if they are handled too rough while going through their training they will pick up fears that will hinder their learning ability. You will have to be nice but also be firm.

5. Work on building confidence: You will find that every health dog will have a fair amount of confidence. This will start with you building confidence in your new puppy. This is not hard to do. You will want to start out by spending as much time as you possibly can with your puppy. If you make sure that this is a positive experience you will find that this will have a huge positive effect in building his confidence. Take time to relax with your puppy. You do not want to always be in a training mode. You will want to get down and spend some time with your dog. Roll around with him and have some fun. If you will let him know that you are his friend he will be your friend for life.

Source by Jason Beachy

Posted on

Importance of Family in Our Life

Family is very important part of our everyday life. It helps us in improving our personality. It also helps us in shaping our life. It teaches us the value of love, affection, care, truthfulness and self-confidence and provides us tools and suggestions which are necessary to get success in life.

Family is a place where you can be yourself. It is a place where you are accepted for what you are. This is where you are completely tension free and everyone is there to help you. Family encourages you when you are surrounded by problems. It helps you survive through tough times and bring joy and happiness into life.

Decency is very important in the communication of daily life. It helps us make strong relationship with others and make us come across as a very gentle, intelligent and likable person. Everyone loves to be in a company of such person. Family helps bring decency into our life which is necessary to lead a happy life.

One of the most important aims of our life is to build a successful and highly rewarding career. Our families help us in creating a strong future. It gives us valuable suggestion about different career prospective. It not only guides us in choosing the best but also financially helps us to cover the expenses of education. So it helps us in making a good future.

The importance of family is probably realized when one went to holiday or celebrate an occasion without family members. It was very hard to celebrate an occasion or went to holiday without being surrounded by family members. At that time probably we realize that how important they are to us. At that time, we came to know about the importance of our families.

Today, most people do not realize the importance of family. They prefer to spend most of their time with their friends. But when they are surrounded by problems, it was their family that helped them get rid of problems. At the time, when even our best friends refused to help us, it was our family that came to help us. So it is very important for each and every individual to give importance to their families above anything else and enjoy spending time with family members.

Source by Karan Kapoor

Posted on

Rock Climbing: 3 Valuable Tips If You Are an Amateur Rock Climber

Are you interested in taking up rock climbing as an addictive hobby or favorite past time? Here are 3 valuable tips if you are an amateur rock climber just getting started in this fantastic sport.

Learn the Ropes
When you are ready to go rock climbing, you just do not go out on the first day and try to climb one. Rock climbing is basically a dangerous sport. Make sure you learn the ropes before you venture out into the open and attempt to that climb.

Go online and reach out to the pros and get some privileged instructions or guidelines. Furthermore, try to get the hang of climbing rocks by practicing in indoor climbing gyms or centers. It is not exactly the real deal. But you can learn a lot from there before putting your body on the line on the outside.

Find those in the Fold
Rock Climbing is a team sport. It is not a good idea to go climbing without people by your side. There's no joy in being the lone ranger, you need people to encourage you, tell you where the best rocks are and who will generally share their experiences with you. Take a friend with you.

So whether it is a natural cliff or indoor climb gym, bind with those who share your passion. Learn a thing or two from them. You have no reason to feel funny like the new recruit, who is still wet behind the ears and asking too many questions. The best climbers, started just like you, with nothing but enthusiasm going for them. Do the same.

If you live in an area with lots of natural scenery, check out the rock climbing shops in the vicinity. The shop owners will know how to point you in the right direction.

Learn the Lingo
Rock climbing is in a world of its own. And you need to learn the language; your life could actually depend on it. If you are an amateur climber know your equipment by name and techniques, rock positions plus first aid procedures by heart.

Rock climbing has crafted a language different from the outside world. Learn it and speak it with your fellow climbers. So when you hear your climber colleague say 'Elvis!'.

You know that he's not reminiscing about the late King of Rock and Roll, but suggesting that his legs are shaking from tiredness or deep exhaustion.

Source by Brett W Watson

Posted on

Puppy Training & Dog Training

Puppies and dogs are reliable, usually sensible and sometimes funny. You can never stay angry at them for long and the eyes, when they stare at you, seem to be pleading, asking, begging for something more, but you got to love them. They bring happiness and make their owners smile, with their goofy walking and puppy eyes.

Puppies are innocent and forgiving; they see everything as a fun game where everyone should be playing. Loving your puppy will help them love you; they will become part of your family. Puppies seem to be a fountain of understanding; they know when you feel down and try to comfort you with a nice warm kiss and a little cuddle.

Yet innocence can be deceiving, without puppy training, discipline can be tough and they can become a hell hole. Chunks start disappearing from the couch and your favorite shoes start looking like something mauled by a wild bear. Stinky, warm patches appear in the most unbelievably places and the plants are not where you last left them.

Puppy training is the second thing you look for after you realize that you new furry best friend has just relief themselves all over the kitchen floor; the first being the paper towers that you can never sees to find. Puppy potty training can help fix this problem as can puppy training and behavior training help you enjoy more your new friend. There are many training hints and tips out there even for those dogs older dogs looking for that odd bit of obedience training.

So it's in your and your furniture's best interest to train your puppy.

A well train puppy will grow up into a happy, healthy dog, who will love you as long as you look after them properly and you and your dog will be happy.

Source by Ronald Fritz

Posted on

Choosing the Right Breed of Dog

Before choosing a specific breed of dog to bring into your home let's go over a few things to help you make that important decision. Recognized breeds are put into groups according to the job they were originally bred for. These groups are Sporting Dogs, Hounds, Working Dogs, Terriers, Toys, Herding and Non-sporting Dogs. Among the different groups you will find a variety of size and breeds to choose from. Some breeds must be kept busy mentally as well as physically active. Others were developed as companion animals. Most breeds fall somewhere in between these extremes.

The size of the dog will vary breed to breed of the dog and life span rates from 6 yrs. to 16 yrs. with proper care depending on the breed. Choose a dog that matches your housing. Large active dogs are not suited for apartment living. Outside dogs need appropriate sized fenced yard, weather protected shelter with access to fresh water and food. Tying a dog should only be used as a temporary arrangement and a tied dog should never be left unattended.

Things to consider are having location and space for the breed of dog, spaying or neutering the dog, committing the time necessary for giving the dog exercise and play time, researching the breed and becoming knowledgeable in the breed and knowing what is involved in it's care , know that a dog takes a lot of time and money for veterinary care and keeping vaccinations up to date and last but not least be a responsible pet owner. If you can provide all these things then getting a dog may be the right choice for you.

If getting a purebred breed of dog is not for you then check out your local Animal Shelter. You can always find a variety of adult dogs and puppies available. Shelters usually put their dogs through temperament testing, food aggression testing, and testing to see how they react with other dogs and cats. They usually match a family to the right pet for them. You can interact with several dogs and make a final choice on the one that is right for you.

Some supplies needed for the dog consist of proper fitting collar, leashes for walking, play toys, nutritious dog food, treats, water and food bowls. A Kennel Crate sized for the dog is a great thing to have. It can provide a training source for housebreaking and keeping the pet bound when needed. It also provides the dog a place to go for a nap when the door is kept open. Placed in a vehicle it is a safe way to transport a dog to the Vet or for short trips.

I hope this information is helpful to you in making the choice on getting a Dog.

Source by Robert Cunningham

Posted on

Lego Slave 1 2010 Review

Fans of Star Wars can now recreate the magic of these incredible films with the Star Wars Lego collaboration. Offering the ability to build action figures and vehicles from these iconic films, one of the most anticipated sets created is the 2010 Lego update the Lego Slave 1, released to celebrate the 30th aniversarry of the Empire Strikes Back release.

A well armed starship, the original Slave 1 possessed incredible features that were tirlessly updated to keep this mammoth ship from being deemed obsolete. Featuring the most innovative technology the galaxy had to offer like special dummy proton torpedoes mounted with homing beacons and S-thread trackers, Slave 1 could track ships through hyperspace. The majority of these weapons were hidden beneath the hull, while the armor plating would slide away during the ship's attacks.

The Slave 1 weaponry also included two heavy twin blaster cannons, as well as two rapid firing laser cannons. Rounding out the ship's armament were two projectile launchers and a naval minelayer equipped with seismic charges.

Features that clearly add to the appeal of the Lego Slave 1, there's plenty of authenticity to further attract Star Wars devotee's …

Included in the updated set are three mini figures, a carbonite-frozen Hans Solo, Bosk and the infamous Boba Fett, so you can accurately portray The Empire Strikes Back. The Slave 1 vehicle can take on its enemies with it's blasters, bombs and launchers, all of which can really fire. Out of all the new minifigures the Han Solo carbonite set really is a great feature and the detail by Lego is at the top of their game.

A fantastic addition to any Star Wars fan's collection, the Lego Slave 1 or lego 8097, has been created with great aplomb, with fantastic detail, you really feel that Lego has put a lot of thought into this set and I'm sure it's going to be in high demand following it's release.

Source by Milo Bouer