Making an Iron Man Helmet

There are tons of ways to make your own custom Iron Man helmet, depending on your resources including both time and money.

You can make one for display purposes or for use on Halloween or for Cosplay. The materials you choose and the time you spend will determine the overall quality of the helmet.

Electronics can be added to any home made unit, depending on your skill level. Opening and closing face plates should be part of the design prior to construction so you do not have to cut it out later. Lighting and sounds can be added similarly.

Before beginning, you can also purchase an Iron Man helmet if you're not into creative. Models range from movie accurate to plastic masks mean for young children. Some actually light up or make sounds, depending on what you want to spend.

Let's assume you're into making one of these yourself- here are the three most popular methods of constructing your own helmet.

1. Papier Mache

A little glue, a little flour and some water will help you to make a rudimentary paste which can be layered onto a frame in strips of newspaper or magazine. It's best to start with a picture of what you'd like your helmet to look like. This is a great time to add any customizations that Tony Stark left out.

Making a frame for the papier mache to cling to is easy- you can use just about anything to keep the shape until the mixture dries. In a pinch, a baseball cap covered with a piece of aluminum foil will serve as an excellent way of constructing your helmet. The cap keeps the head shape while the foil allows for a semi rigid base to work on.

Make your base, apply your papier mache and allow to dry. Once it's dry you'll be able to see any areas which are not smooth. Gently sand with 800 grit sandwich to knock down any points which stick up- trim jagged pieces of papier mache with fingernail clippers. If there are divots, then fill them with a little more papier mache and allow to dry.

Once dry again, use a fine sandpaper (1000 grit works well) to smooth all the contours of the helmet. When you're satisfied that the helmet looks good, simply paint in your preferred colors. For a really clean look, use blue or green painter's tape to mask your lines off and top it all with a coat of clear spray paint.

2. Foam / Vinyl

Following the same procedure as above, we will use a frame to hold our design firm. In this case, it's best to use a mannequin head with a sheet of plastic wrap or tin foil on top- easily located online or in a local craft shop, the foam head will hold your design steady as you work.

First, you'll need a hot glue gun and foam vinyl sheets in the colors of your choice. Place an old t shirt over the foam head or other base and use a marker to mark the middle of the rear of the Iron Man helmet. Make a similar mark on each side of the head as well. The front will be left alone because the faceplate will be cut out here.

The cuts will serve as a template to lay down the main color of the helmet in foam, leaving a slit in the middle and sides to allow the material to be shaped. Simply place the template you made over the foam, trace and cut.

Remember to leave plenty of overlap because we'll be trimming things up later on to make it look extra awesome.

Using the hot glue gun, glue the cut out foam to the plastic or tin foil covering on the foam mannequin head. Make sure the edges touch in the back, but do not trim off any excess yet. Do the same with the sides. If you need to (and you likely will), make additional small cuts to help with fitment.

Once the glue is dry and cool, do a test fit and use a marker to mark the approximate area where the eye slits will be cut. If everything fits well, remove and trim all the stray edges, gluing everything down perfectly.

From here there are two options- you can either cut eye slits and use the other foam color to make the mask, then glue on top. Then you're done- go enjoy your new creation!

Or, and this is the recommended way for the cool factor alone, you can cut out the original color area in the shape of the faceplate, then use two small round velcro tabs to attach the faceplate to the helmet so you can remove it when you want to. Then you're done- go enjoy your new creation!

3. 3D Printing

This is where the rubber meets the road- or, more likely, the plastic. 3D Printing, officially known as Additive Manufacturing, allows complex shapes to be made via the addition of small layers of plastic or another material such as metal.

People have printed Iron Man helmets for years now and you can even purchase them in part or full on many sites such as eBay. If you're into 3D printing, you can purchase the plans and have a local printer to make them up for you.

This can also be done with a home 3D printer, although it will be in many smaller pieces which must then be joined later on. However you do it, Additive Manufacturing will have the option that is most accurate. It's also the most expensive, so it pays to really do some research and decide if 3D printing an Iron Man helmet is for you.

So, there we have it- a pretty solid blueprint to build an Iron Man helmet Tony Stark would be proud of. There are options from rags to riches, so choose the one which is best for you. If you do not feel like a DIY project, there are plenty of sellers who will offer replicas in every size from keychain to fully wearable.

Source by James McClinsey

Native Indian Jewelry Making – Navajo Silver Jewelry

Native Indian jewelry, especially of the Navajo and Zuni variety, is generating increasing interest for its beautiful and stunning design and workmanship. It is based on a tradition that is not that long, going back to about the middle of the 19th century. The emphasis here is on the silverwork that is employed in the making of the jewelry. There is a fascinating history which is worth looking into. It is an American legacy of the native Indians, from the time of the Spanish Conquest. So in that sense it is a tradition that goes back to the founding times of America.

Native American Indian jewelry was, and is, generally classified into two main types – beadwork and metalwork. Beadwork has a longer history stretching back to pre-Colombian times. It concentrated on the use of natural materials, and semi-precious gemstones, such as shells and turquoise, animal bones and ivory.

In this article, I am focusing on metalwork jewelry making. Because the skills and techniques of fashioning metal were not advanced until after the arrival of the Europeans on the American continent, the metalwork jewelry was, prior to that period, of relatively simple order. Iron and copper were used, so was brass and later silver. The technique was by manual hammering and etching. The fashioning of silver by silversmiths came after silversmithing was introduced by the Spaniards.

The influence was on the south-west of the American continent. In fact, it was the Mexicans first who learned the skill of silversmithing from the Spanish invaders. After the native Indians learned it from the Mexicans, their skill gradually grew and has developed into the intricate use of silver with gemstones like turquoise, with distinct designs that are stunningly eye-catching.

The Navajo are credited with being the tribe that helped spread the craft of silversmithing. Being of a nomadic nature, the Navajo came frequently into contact with the Spanish in the south-west from about the late 16th century. There were clashes and sometimes friendly association. The Spanish personal ornaments and adornments fascinated the Indians. And they began to copy or assimilate the Spanish style and began to wear ornaments made from so-called German silver. But silversmithing, using real silver, was not yet within their grasp.

Although the history is not completely certain, it is generally thought that the first Navajo silversmith was Atsidi Sani (also known as "Old Smith"), and the making of silver jewelry started in th 1860s. Atsidi Sani was among some 8000 of the Navajo tribe who were captured and imprisoned at Fort Sumner in New Mexico in 1864 to 1868. It seems that by the end of the captivity, Atsidi Sani learned the art of silversmithing. The art was transmitted to his sons, and spread to the Zuni in around 1872. Atsidi Chon (also known, possibly descriptively, as "Ugly Smith") tought his Zuni friend Lanyade the skill of making silver. The Navajo style was passed on to the Hopi, when they in turn learned making silver jewelry from the Zuni.

In the early days, the source of silver was Mexican and US coins. The US coins, being readily available and of good quality, were often used. In 1890 a law was passed prohibiting the melting of US coins, but that was more often honored in the breach than observation.

The elegant piece of Navajo or Navajo-style jewelry is the squash blossom necklace. This was actually adopting the Spanish crescent-shaped "naja" as the centerpiece of the necklace. The crescent was itself a legacy of Moorish influence upon the Spanish. Muslim Spain had a history of almost 800 years from 711-1492, with a flourishing culture.

Source by Abd Laziz

Jewelry Making Or Perfume Making – What's the Difference?

Very recently I've stumbled upon what proves to be another new hobby of mine, making perfumes using natural, essential oils. I've purchased several oils from the UK so far, and started combining them to make perfumes. Which does not seem to be so easy as I first thought. Most of the concoctions smell horrible, at best as a bad medicine.

I've searched a lot the internet for recipes on the subject, but it's hard anything out there. There are a couple of real life workshops that one should attend, at over $ 1000 a piece, and very few books on the subject, mostly touching the history of perfumery and the ingredients, but less the actual blends, mixes. So I broke down and purchased from Mandy Aftel the Level 1 Workbook, at a price of $ 375 (yep, you've read it right!) And shipping to Europe $ 80 (right again!), As this looks pretty much the only feasible avenue for somebody to really learn perfumery without spending a large amount of essential oils on trial and error, by not knowing what is one really doing in the process.

So now I'm waiting for it to arrive …

And in the meanime I'm musing …

Most probably since the time I started with wire wrapping, I did spend about this amount or even more on books and tutorials, however the difference between this workbook and the tutorials for wire wrapping, is that I've bought MANY tutorials, on all aspects of wire wrapping and jewelry making. I've learned a lot of skills in the process. I have now a new level of appreciation for all the wire wrappers who so freely share their knowledge in allowing the rest of us to learn their secrets, and to make their jewelry pieces. Without all these tutorials, and book out there, it would have been much more challenging to learn wire wrapping, even to the level I am right now (which is not that far). It is a completely different world between the two.

Perfumers guard their secrets as if with their lives, they will not share but the very basic of blends, which does not bring one very far, and wire wrappers, or jewelers in general are very generous, and share. Yes, for a price, but the prices are very reasonable, anything between $ 5 and $ 15 for learning how to make one pendant, a pair of earrings, a ring, any items from start up to completion. Plus there are also many free tutorials out there, which allow you to build on your existing knowledge and widen it too. Best example out there is Eni Oken, who has many tutorials for a veeeery reasonable price, but also many freebies to get you started.

Source by Marika Charalambous

Jewelry Making Kit Ideas for Kids

Jewelry Making Kit Ideas for Kids

These jewelry making kit ideas include projects for both girls and boys. You might consider creating and selling kits like these as a business, or giving them as gifts, or using them to offer beading parties for kids.

Popular Projects for a Teen / Kids Jewelry Making Kit

Children and teens love to make and wear jewelry. And a trendy jewelry project with a cool name can make a lot of sales!

These are some popular jewelry projects for kids of all ages to make. They are great designs to teach at a jewelry workshop or beading party, or to offer as kits.

1) Friendship Bracelet – for boys or girls. This has been a hot jewelry item for the past several years, with no sign of declining. Nice made with either “natural” beads, or colorful glass / plastic ones, and strung on leather or hemp cord.

2) Friendship Anklet – similar to the bracelet above, except made ankle-size. (Less likely to be worn by boys.)

3) Surfer Dude / Surfer Chick Necklace – for boys or girls. A rustic choker-length necklace featuring a few beads and sometimes a small pendant. You can offer a variety of rugged, “natural” beads like clay, bone, horn, wood, recycled glass, etc. The beads and pendant are strung onto leather cord or rubber tubing, fastened with either sliding leather knots or a basemetal clasp. This is an especially popular teen / older kids jewelry making kit.

4) Princess Bracelet – an extremely popular jewelry making kit for girls. Possible components: large-hole beads to string on a pretty ribbon that ties onto the princess’ wrist with a bow; beads to string on heavy-duty stretch cord; beads to string on beading wire and fastened with a basemetal toggle clasp. Pink and purple are a must in these designs.

5) Dragon-Bone Necklace – a popular jewelry making kit for boys. Simply provide a variety of bone beads and a few interesting spacer beads to string on leather cord and fasten off with sliding, adjustable knots.

6) Magic Bracelet – for boys or girls. An assortment of small magnetic hematite beads in a variety of shapes makes an endlessly fascinating toy as well as a piece of jewelry.

Tips for Creating a Jewelry Making Kit

Many of the commercially-made jewelry kits are disappointingly junky. They have a skimpy assortment of cheap components, flimsy tools, and poorly written instructions – packaged in a deceptively large box. It’s very easy to create something that’s vastly better than these!

When I create a jewelry making kit for workshops or for sale, I put myself in the customer’s shoes – what would be exciting to find in the kit? Here’s an example of how I created some bead bracelet kits:

Each kit contained beads in a popular color scheme, with some nice contrasting accent beads and at least one cool focal bead. I included an inspiring mix of bead colors, shapes, etc., and used a beadboard to measure how many inches of beads I was putting into each kit.

Then I tossed in a few extra inches of beads, so the recipient would have a good selection to design with, plus some leftover beads for other projects. I added a coil of leather stringing cord (cut a few inches longer than even the largest wrist would need), and instructions for good design, a comfortable fit, and making sliding knots.

I packaged it all in a transparent jewelry zip-close bag, stapled my product card to the top – and had a nice jewelry making kit.

Source by Rena Klingenberg

Making Aircraft From Kits

Kits make building a plan quite easy. There are many different types of airplane kits. You simply need to find a design you like, buy it and then put it all together. Kits vary from the simple to the very complicated and come in wood, plastic and metal.

Airplane plans and kits are available in many variations to suit all potential aviation enthusiasts. There's a great deal of pleasure to be had from pilot your own plane. It's a hobby that can bring hours of fun. Model planes are available for children, adults and those of all skill abilities.

There are choices for both new and experienced users. Plastic aircraft kits have a flexible selection of uses. Lightweight designs afford a higher flying speed and the ability to fly for a longer distance. Costs are low for basic airplanes and if you do not need your aircraft to fly, there's always model aircraft for display purposes only.

Kit planes made of wood offer similar attributes to the plastic planes, giving choices between models for display only or construction of aircraft that will actually fly. Wooden aircraft kits take longer to put together than their plastic counterparts, but assembly is usually straightforward.

Remote radio-controlled airplane kits, usually called RC airplanes, suit the most fun type of model aircraft. The controller becomes the pilot! RC aircraft models are available to a varied range of beginners right through to expert level. Money wise the cost can be quite low but it can also reach thousands of dollars depending upon the superior, dimensions and detail required.

Model aircraft are hugely popular. Thousands of aircraft, airplane plans and kits are available to make replica aircraft. Plans are can be bought not just for modern aircraft, but for plans of airplanes since the early days of their invention.

There's a great deal of interest in aircraft from the World War One and Two eras – these represent the highest plan sales. Approximately 200,000 model aircraft builders face the same problems in selecting the aircraft that they want to construct and then finding the right plan to suit them. Many plan purchasers will build the aircraft from balsa wood which is easy to work with.

Prices vary: Display only aircraft cost anywhere from $ 30 to $ 250. Radio controlled craft cost beginners' in the $ 50 to $ 200 range. Experienced flyer's aircraft aircraft come in at about $ 200 to $ 500. If you choose to build yourself, the plans will cost you in the region of $ 20.

It's vital to get full assistance for each aircraft's building method. This will ensure that each piece is exactly correct for both size and weight. This will aid the 'balancing' of the aircraft during its time in the air.
Some plans will include specifics of what types of wire should be used, whether it's piano wiring for propeller shafts or electrical wire for motors.

Ready constructed, fully functioning motors can be purchased for your airplane if you intend to fly it. This applies to almost all plans for aircraft, airplane plans and kits.

Source by Dani Mer

Making Doll Clothes As A Hobby

Making Doll Clothes As A Hobby

Have you been making doll clothes for your children as well as for others? If you enjoy making these tiny garments then you have discovered a delightful and rewarding hobby. On the other hand, if you have been looking for a hobby to challenge your creativity and sewing skills look no further.

Sewing doll clothing can be done with a sewing machine, hand stitching, or a combination of both. Patterns range from making original designs to purchasing the more difficult and complex.

Accessories are other items needed to compliment or expand a wardrobe. Scarves, belts, purses, bags, sandals, and jewelry are easily made with decorator trims and appliques, ribbons, buttons, or fabric remnants.

Required talents:

  • Basic sewing skills
  • Fabric knowledge
  • Clothing construction
  • Making or reading patterns
  • Crochet
  • Knitting
  • Embroidery
  • Creativity
  • Imagination
  • Patience

The easy patterns are constructed with non-fraying stretch fabrics, cotton, felt, or a variety of the synthetic fabrics. No sewing skills will be required. Non-sewers like to use glue or bonding materials.

The challenging patterns will include historical, action figures, and apparel for collectible dolls. The knowledge of the different types of historical fabrics are critical to add to the authenticity.

You may wish to design your own fashions. Free patterns are available online or patterns may be purchased. The niche which you choose to be creative will determine the availability of patterns. This hobby will grow as you mature through the different stages or change your interests.

Types of Dolls:

  • Plastic – soft, hard, and vinyl
  • Fabric
  • Wood
  • Straw
  • Paper Mache
  • Leather
  • Wax
  • Bisque
  • Porcelain
  • Composition

This hobby is interesting and never-ending as there are a variety of dolls which wear clothing in the United States and in other countries. Dolls are like people; they are everywhere.

Children who play with dolls love dressing and undressing their dolls. Assembly of the fashions can be made simple or more complex depending on the age of the child. Children will role-play or act out stories. The dolls are the actors and this is one of many reasons for an extended wardrobe.

Are you looking for a hobby which can be shared with your child? This sewing activity that can be fun as well as educational. This hobby may be considered as both an art and a craft.

In summary, making doll clothing can be restricted to your current family, gifts for other family and friends, replacing or designing appropriate fashions for collectible dolls, or contributing to a charitable organization of your choice nationally or internationally.

Source by Tricia Deed

Candle Making Jars – Back to Basics

Candle Making Jars – Back to Basics

Jar candles are only one of many types of candle you can make at home, but candles made in jars are without doubt one of the easiest ways to make candles. At their simplest these can be made without any sort of specialist equipment with just what you have around the house.

If you have some old candles that have burnt down or become misshapen and unattractive these will be ideal for making your new jar candles.

You will first need to find a container to hold your jar candle. Any strong glass container is suitable and if you have some old stemmed fruit dishes you no longer use, these would be ideal. Just make sure the container is perfectly clean, dry and warm before you are ready to melt your wax.

If you are using old candles, you will need to break these up as best you can to speed up their melting. In order to melt your wax without the danger of it burning or catching fire, you will need to heat it up in a double boiler. This is where you have the container with your wax in it inside a second large pot full of boiling water. If you use a old tin as your inner container, this can simply be disposed of once your wax is melted and poured and you do not have to worry about cleaning this up afterwards.

If you have no pre-made and pre-primed wicks, you can simply make your own by dipping some braided strips of cotton yarn into melted wax and pulling them straight to dry and harden.

Once your wax is melted you are then ready to make your candle. Have your container ready on a piece of newspaper on your countertop to make sure any spills are easily cleaned up. Glue one end of your wick into the center of the bottom of your container and attach the other end to a straw placed across the top of the container in order to keep the wick central. Pour the melted wax carefully into your container, ensuring that the wick is kept as central as possible.

Let the wax cool slowly and undisturbed for several hours or until completely hardened. Sometimes you'll end up with a depressed area around the wick of the candle but luckily this has an easy solution. You just need to melt some more wax and pour it into the dip to bring the level up. Once the new wax has hardened, simply trim the wick down to around 1/4 "and your candle is ready for use – always assuming you are going to light it and not just declare it as an attractive ornament!

Source by Julie Sinclair

Pros and Cons Of Buying Wholesale Beads For Jewelry Making

Hand-made jewelry is the latest craze and there are many people who consider hand-made jewelry over machine-made ones. Due to the huge demand of hand-made jewelry, designing jewelry at home from scratch has become a popular hobby. While some people have turned jewelry designing into a side business, there are many who do it as a full-time job. Jewelry making is fun and if you spend 8-10 hours a day, you will easily be able to craft at least 10-15 pieces of jewelry depending on the level of expertise and skills you have. To cater to the needs of crafters and designers, many wholesalers have popped up online. They provide jewelry beads and everything that a designer needs to give their imagination wings.

But, is buying wholesale beads a good idea? Here's a look at some of the pros and cons of buying wholesale beads for jewelry making.

Pros

Quantity – when you buy wholesale beads for jewelry making online, you get beads in large quantities. Your local brick and mortar store may not give you the option to buy wholesale. Wholesale means you will have enough beads to work with and fulfil large orders. You will also have enough in case a few needs replacing.

Price – you can get great bargains with wholesale beads for jewelry making. Because a tier-based pricing system is used for wholesale items, the prices get lower when you buy more. This pricing system can be beneficial if you have a large jewelry making business. You can get the most out of the money you spend.

Profit – buying wholesale also means increased profit since you spend less on your initial supplies. Lower cost of beads can help you make more profits even if you consider reselling.

Quality – wholesale does not always equate to low quality products. You can even buy quality beads at low prices if you do your research. Wholesalers, who are trying to get rid of old stock, make space for new beads or those who have just started out as novices will offer good quality beads at wholesale prices.

Cons

Storage space – you will need sufficient space at home to store the beads if you buy in bulk. Wholesale beads for jewelry making are usually packed in boxes which can take up lots of space until you have used them. The beads may also go out of style and become outdated if you leave them unused for long periods of time.

Competitive pricing – when you search online, you will find that there is huge competition among the wholesalers. Their prices may differ slightly and so do the quality of the products. This can leave you confused as a buyer.

Capital – although you will be saving a lot, you will have to pay for the whole lot of wholesale beads at once. As a jewelry designer, you must have that kind of capital to invest. Sometimes, investing a lot on beads can leave you with little to invest on other supplies which can be a huge disadvantage. At the end, you will be left with lots of beads and limited supplies to craft your pieces.

Source by Jasmin Z

Where to Find Card Making Ideas

Where to Find Card Making Ideas

When people find out I make cards they often comment that they could not do that. They automatically assume every card I create is something I came up with but the truth of the matter is anyone can make cards and you do not have to come up with the ideas yourself. The world is full of ideas and inspiration and lots of them for little or no cost. So where do I find ideas and inspiration?

I can remember when I first learned about rubber stamping and card making. I got some supplies and went to a gathering with a few friends who also enjoyed paper crafting. I sat down at the table with everyone, pulled out my supplies and then had no idea what to do next. I did not know what to make. I sat there thinking and thinking, getting more frustrated by the minute. Then I was let in on a little secret. Most card makers do not just sit down and create cards from scratch. They begin with an inspiration piece. Quite often a card someone else made.

Online

Since you are probably online reading this article let's start here. The online world is full of ideas for card makers. There are entire sites dedicated to galleries of card samples. Many card makers now write blogs as a place to share their creations. The companies that make and sell card making supplies often have galleries dedicated to cards made with their products. Many of the card making and paper crafting magazines also have online content. Some is what you would find in their regular paper publication while more often there are ideas and examples that could not fit in the printed version. This leads me to the next place to find ideas.

Magazines

There are dozens of magazines currently in print dedicated solely to card making, paper crafting or paper arts. Check your local book store, craft & hobby store, or big box departments store and you're sure to find plenty.

Stores

Many local paper crafting, card making, stamping or scrapbooking stores have projects on display that change with the season or when new products are released. You can even take your camera or camera phone into the store and snap a photo of any projects you like to refer to later when you sit down to create.

Think Outside the Box

While this idea may not appeal to beginners many experienced card makers look to nontraditional places for ideas and inspiration. Our world today is more scheduled with advertisements and color than ever before. Look through any magazine at the ads, the layouts, the fonts and color combination's. See what colors and color combination's are popping up in local stores. What trends are hot in home fashions and interior decorating? Ideas and inspiration are everywhere. You could even be inspired by the front of a box of cereal. Just keep your eyes open and pay attention.

What's most important to remember is that you do not have to pull ideas from thin air. There are plenty of places to look for inspiration. Start with something and once you get going the ideas will flow. You'll find yourself making small changes to the idea you began with and soon the creation will be your own. Now find an inspiration piece and get started.

Source by Chris Twing

Some Recommendations About Candle Making

Some Recommendations About Candle Making

Candle making is a craft that many people love to adopt whether for business purposes or as a hobby. However, in all cases it requires a great deal of practice so that you become a skilled person in this art. Those who have mastered this art are usually known as craftsmen. If you really wish to become aware about this art then remember you should give a great input in this regard. You should work hard and you must try several shapes and types of candles.

After a great deal of work and learning, you can call yourself an expert of this art. Learning process of candle making not only includes shapes and sizes but it also includes different methods that are used to add glitters and fragrances. You can be mastered in this art after passing through a great process of learning.

As an expert or professional, you will require learning the use of various molds and how to use different tools effectively and properly. You can find several color variants, fragrances, oils and waxes in the market. However, before going through these items you should know their proper use. You can work with any item according to your choice but remember it is not essential that all items work in the same way. Some may require more careful handling while others. For example beeswax requires great care while heating. If you will heat it more, it may simply burn.

It is recommended that before going through the process of candle making, always make a complete list of all essential items and tools that are required. These include molds that you want to use, wax with which you want to play and fragrance plus oils and glitters. You can also consider a book that can help you in candle making. However, it all depends on your availability.

Source by Farah N