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3 Steps for Keeping Finches As Pets

There are many different varieties of finches as pets but the common ones are the Society finches and the zebra finches. They remain favorites due to the fact that they are easier to care for and more flexible when compared to other varieties of finches which are more exotic like the Gouldian finches. Keeping Finches as pets are great for bird lovers who would like to keep a charming and magnificent looking bird. Their cheerful singing especially during the mating season is delightful. These birds generally have a cheerful disposition in life.

Color variations for finches as pets

It would depend on the breed and if they are male or female. For example, for zebra finches the males would have a bright red beak, chestnut flanks and black stripes on the chest. There would be slight differences and some of them can be solid whit to gray or have a pencil-line. Some of them have mutations as well as more color. The males are generally more colorful while the females would tend to have lesser variations so that they can easily blend it with the environment.

How do you select finches as pets?

You do not just decide to go inside a pet store and select the finches depending on the color. You would have to check if the bird is healthy. First look for signs of activeness and alertness. Recognize a healthy one by the way they sit, they should sit up tall on the perch with their tight feathering. Some of the birds will have fallen feathers but this is normal and not a sign of illness. If you are going to get a pair make sure that they are compatible at ease with each other without signs of attacking.

How to select a good and quality cage for keeping finches as pets?

If you only have one or two pairs then you can use the cage, the cage must not be made of brass and must be wide enough to have flying space. It must be located safely where it can not be reached by too much sunlight in order to avoid over heat. It should also be away from too much cold. It must be of the perfect temperature in order for the finches to survive. If you have 3 or more pairs, then you would have to consider creating an aviary in your backyard. Keeping finches as pets you need to have a lot of flying space for their exercise and to prevent stress due to territorial concerns.

The bigger the cage, the better. Make sure that the design that you will make will be enough for all of them as well as for the coming youngger birds. If you do not intend to let them multiply and just keep finches as pets, then you must not keep sets of males and females, you can try to place all females and males. For this to work, they must still have other birds to interact with even if they will not need unnecessarily multiply.

Source by Michael D Stanford

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Keeping Your Cat As Healthy As Possible

If you want to make sure that your cat remains healthy most of the time, the main tips we can give you is to give her good food, enough water and a good shelter. But, absolutely you can not stop a cat from getting sick.

If you own a cat, you should make sure that you give her the best food possible. The absolute best is to give her premium cat food, since it's made out of the best ingredients. Paying a bit of attention to how the cat behaves can give you an idea if it's sick. In most cases, the regular sicknesses and ailments are of the minor variety, but the vet should determine that, in case it's something more serious.

Paying attention to the behavior of the cat can give you very good signs that something is wrong with the cat. If she lays around, looks sluggish or does not have any energy, it's advisable that you take it to the vet as soon as possible. Also pay attention to the cat's coat. If the cat sheds too much or becomes patchy and dull, you should visit the vet immediately and let him check it out.

Vomiting and diarrhea are two common symptoms even if the disease is of the more simple variety. If they persist after the first day, make sure you go to the vet. Hairballs are dislodged from the cat's throat by coughing, so this is normal in most cases. If the reason seems to be another, get him to a vet.

Getting the cat vaccinated is a good way to keep your cat from getting sick in most cases. Feline distemper and rabies are two examples of diseases that a vaccine can prevent from happening. Feline distemper is especially a very dangerous disease for a cat to have, but it's also extremely easy to prevent. If the cat does get this disease, the time to treat it is not very long.

An extremely deadly cat disease is feline leukemia, which can be avoided if the cat gets the proper vaccinations. While humans are safe from getting this illness, cats can easily get it from other cats. Even though vaccines exist now for this disease, it would be advisable not to keep the cat around others that are sick with this disease.

Worms are an issue with cats that are kept on the outside a lot. You can spot cats with worms by checking out their lack of appetite and the lackluster coat. Two of the main types of worms that can be found are hookworm and ringworm. Cats can get worms from lice, fleas or by eating organs of rodents that are dead. By doing this, the eggs are digested by the cat, and after they mature they will get on the intestine's walls. Keeping your cat safe from worms can be done by giving it garlic on a regular basis.

By taking a few precautions you can have a great chance of keeping your cat healthy. For example, making sure you give the cat good food and that you take it to the vet on a regular basis. The cat will be protected against a lot of diseases if she gets the vaccines in time. When you have a cat, you should do a lot of prevention work to make sure it does not get sick.

Source by Cristian Stan

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Keeping Rear Fanged Snakes As Pets!

There are four basic dental structures within the world of snakes. The Aglyphous group simply means that this group of snakes possess no elongated teeth what so ever. This group encompasses snakes of the Boa and Python family as well as various others. Next is the Ophistoglyphous group. This is the group from which this paper is written about. Though not technically a fang, the ophistoglyphous group do possess elongated rear teeth. There is a groove running from top to bottom on the anterior aspect of the tooth. This groove channels saliva from the gum line downward into the wound caused by the elongated teeth. Gravity is the only force working to drive the saliva into the would as there is no gland or holding apparatus surrounded by muscles to force the saliva downward.

In order for a true envenomation to take place the rear fanged snake must hold on to its prey item and actively work its fangs into the wound. This gives the required time needed for the saliva to flow down the channeled fang and into the wound. A minimum of ten to twenty seconds would be required for the saliva to make the trip from gum line to the wound. The longer the snake remains attached to its subject, the more serious the envenomation will become. A great deal depends upon the toxicity of the saliva itself.

The next group would be the Proteroglyphous group There are some very popular members belonging to this group, members such as the Cobras, Kraits, Mambas, Taipans,Coral Snakes to name but a few. These snakes all have short fixed fangs in the front of the upper jaw, just below each eye. It is believed by most that these snakes possessed their fangs in the rear of their mouths millions of years ago and over time they migrated forward into the position they hold today. The fangs must be short, to avoid the piercing of the lower jaw. Even the fangs of the King Cobra, (Ophiophagus Hannah) has fangs less then 1/2 inch in length. This group belongs to a family called Elapids, some of the most potent snakes on Earth today. The final group of snakes are also well known through out thew world.

They belong to the Solenoglyphous group, They have folding fangs which allows them to have extremely long fangs. The Gaboon Viper, (Bitis gabonica) has fangs that measure two (2) inches in length. The fangs are in the front roughly under each eye and when not in use rest along the upper jaw. Muscles lower the fangs when needed and lock them into place. The base of the fang lines up perfectly with the venom duct forming a tight seal. When muscles contract, venom flows through the fang and is forced out the opening at the tip of the fang. Snakes such as all pit vipers ie. rattlesnakes, cottonmouth’s, copperheads are members of the Solenoglyphous group as are the Vipers of the Old World. The Death Adder of Australia is one of the few Elapids to possess this type of fang structure.

The above are basic dental structures of known snakes of the World. The pet trade has been a legitimate industry dating back Roman Empire. Reptiles have been part of that trade since its inception. In the 1950’s rear fanged snakes were all considered harmless to humans and were sold in all of the modern industrial countries. It was in the late 1950’s when the Pet industry decided to rethink its claim that “all rear fanged snakes are harmless”. On September 25Th.1957 Karl P. Schmidt was attempting to Identify a snake that had been brought into the Museum of Natural History in Chicago Ill. where he was employed as a Herpetologist. An assistant was holding the green colored snake when Schmidt decided to handle it himself. He grabbed the snake just a bit to far back of the head which allowed the snake room to turn and sink one of its rear fangs into his finger.

He quickly released the snake and decided to work with it some more on the following day. He left work around 5PM and on his way home he stated that he felt queasy. Later that night he vomited and had difficulty sleeping. He called in sick on the morning of the 26Th. but stated he would be in on the following day. He vomited one more time and as he brushed his teeth he noticed blood on the tooth brush. His wife was upset enough to summon a friend who called for an ambulance to take him to the Municipal Hospital for a check up. He was admitted and at 3PM he was pronounced dead. The snake was a Boomslang (Dispholidus Typus) also known as the African Tree Snake. It was sold in pet stores around the world because rear fanged snakes are harmless to humans. With in three months all Rear fanged snakes for sale in the pet trade were taken from the shelves.

Today we have a fairly good handle of what species of snakes are harmless and what ones are dangerous to humans. Snakes belonging to the Boiga Genus, Dispholidus, Rhabdophis and Thelotornis Genera also have members within each family that possess venom potent enough to cause a fatal bite among humans. The common North American Garter Snake (Thamnophis sirtalis) has rear fangs but its venom is not supplied in sufficient quantities to cause harm to humans. The lovable Hog nose snake (Heterodon platyrhinos) is a member of the rear fanged club and it is all but impossible to get one to bite a human. The large number of Rear Fanged snakes throughout the world are all members of the Colubridae family.

The largest family of them all, consisting of over 2,500 separate Genera’s. Though several of the rear fanged snakes are considered safe for personal ownership, it is not considered wise to allow any snake to chew on any part of your anatomy, even if it appears cute, as it endeavors to scare or defeat a large human. It could be doing far more then looking funny or cute! Most venom’s manufactured by the Duvernoy’s glands of Rear Fanged Snakes acts very slowly on the human body. Effects of the venom might not appear for 12 to 24 hours after the bite. When the symptoms do appear, it could very well be to late. In all but a few instances, there is no anti venom on the market available for treating a bite and bites are handled symptomatically. The best rule of thumb is to treat all Rear Fanged snakes as venomous snakes. Technically that is exactly what they are.

As a general rule most people in the United States as well as other developed nations take it for granted that anything on the store shelf is safe when used as directed. Most experts will tell you that snakes should not be handled to often but as with anything new, humans like to feel what they have purchased. In the case of owning pet snakes, Most ophiofiles can’t wait to get their new acquisition home to hold and inspect it. In the case of handling any venomous species of snake, the urge should be tempered with restraint. Any new snake requires time to become accustomed to its new surroundings. A snake that would ordinarily not bite could very well strike at its new owner if handled to soon after its purchase. The last thing anyone needs is to be known as the first fatality known as a result of receiving a bite from a seemingly harmless snake. Use Caution and live longer!

Source by Joel La Rocque

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Keeping Birds – An Introduction to a Fascinating Hobby

Bird keeping is a pretty diverse hobby, from breeding bantams for eggs to keeping cockatoos for companionship. Depending on your interest you may decide to build an aviary, or just have a cage in your living room. Of course just as important as your interests are the needs of your bird so you must select a species that is a good fit for your lifestyle.

Bird-keeping is sometimes referred to as "aviculture," a term defined by prominent aviculturist Dr. Jean Delacour as, "the worldwide hobby of keeping and breeding numerous species of wild birds in captivity to maintain their numerical nature in nature with a view of forestalling their extinction by supplying aviary raised stock." You will note that he refers to species of wild bird, and it is generally accepted that aviculture is restricted to caring for and breeding birds that are not fully domesticated, where those that care for and breed domesticated species of bird are "bird fanciers."

Most people who engage in this hobby will buy from a local breeder or pet store, however, more advanced hobbyists may decide to import a rarer species from overseas. If you take this route you must ensure that you comply with the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES).

There are a number of different bird groups that you can chose from, each with its own characteristics and care requirements. Then within each group you will need to carefully select a species that suits you. For example, if you want a talking parrot not just any parrot will do as some species are in fact quite quiet. Some bird groups with species that make good pets:

  • Buderigars
  • Canaries
  • Cockatoos
  • Cockatiels
  • Finches
  • Parrots
  • Parakeets
  • Softbills

There are a number of criteria to consider when selecting your bird, for example:

  • Some pets will not do well in a cage, and require an aviary
  • If you settle on an aviary bird then you must take into account that it will not become as bonded a companion as a bird you keep indoors
  • If you are looking for a talking bird make sure you select a species with great mimic abilities such as the African Gray Parrot
  • Birds vary greatly in expense so you need to take your budget into account
  • Parrots and other birds may live to be as old as 80 so you need to make plans for your pet outliving you, or select one with a lifespan that suits your lifestyle

There are lots of other considerations and a lot to learn about bird keeping, but I hope that this article helped get you started.

Source by Danny Oakes

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Keeping Your Kitten Safe And Content

Cat lovers already know that they enjoying a purring happy kitty in their lap, more than the company of a cat who just stares at you like you have two heads. Kittens love to explore, and giving them safe ways to do this inside is wonderful. Try hiding favorite cat toys, such as a crinkly ball inside a cat tunnel and for even more excitement, try dangling a cat wand at one end when kitten is inside the tunnel. Kittens are naturally attracted to movements and sounds that trigger their instinct to stalk prey. Cats are often most active in the early morning and early evening. Exercise and vigorous playing can help get rid of excess energy and keep your kitten calmer for the remainder of the day. Take time out from your day to spend time playing with your kitten. Kittens don’t like sharp sounds like those that come from a squeaky toy. Save the squeaky toys for the dogs and get your cat a catnip mouse instead. Cats are perfectly happy as inside pets so long as you provide them with enough toys and attention. If you’re away from home for long period, you might consider having two kittens for company.

Cats will swallow ribbon or string, which will not pass. It will require surgical removal. Tie up traverse rod cords and pleated shade cords; you must keep these out of a kitten’s reach. Cat’s teeth, like our own, are susceptible to cavities and tartar so regular oral hygiene is essential to keep them clean. Cats will climb and then try to defy gravity all the time, and we get to enjoy it when gravity wins. They need something tall and sturdy like a scratching post so that they can scratch on it, and not the furniture. Cats are reluctant to use a litter pan that is too close to the cat’s food so you must keep them far enough apart. When you get a new kitten or even an older cat go slow, don’t rush it. Let your new cat come to you in its own time.

Cats scratch to mark their territory, not to just to sharpen their claws. When your kitten doesn’t have the ability to use this marking behavior because you have had them declawed, they may find it necessary to mark their territory with urine and feces instead. Cats are well known for their bed hogging abilities. They can have you clinging to the outer edge of your bed while they are comfortably sprawled out, full length occupying nine tenths of the bed. We know this to be true even in our own household. When the cat takes a nap “don’t crowd me” is the command!

Cats and kittens generally do not overeat, so food should be made available at all times. There are automatic cat feeders that keep your kitten’s food fresh and water fountains to keep water fresh as well. Always be sure to feed your kitten a good quality kitten food. Cats are carnivorous and they become mature at around seven to eight months old. Before this time their protein requirements are higher and the protein should be of animal origin. If you have children, the litter pan will need to be placed in a place that your children can’t get to, but that your cat can access easily.

Cats can teach child compassion and caring, and provide companionship. However, before you bring a kitten or even an older cat into your home, consider your lifestyle and expectations. Then go out and choose the pet accordingly. A kitten will be a wonderful and amazing pet, and bring hours of delight for the children, as well as the adults.

Grooming your kitten encourages a healthy shine on his fur and keeps him looking sleek and healthy. As with all good habits, it’s sensible to establish good grooming early on, so it becomes a normal part of your kitten’s life. Groom them regularly and follow your vet’s instructions carefully when it comes to worming and other treatments.

Anything your kitten finds on the floor becomes a toy, so keep floor areas clear of things that may hurt them or that they can swallow. You may want to have a yard stick so that when she bats it away you will be able to retrieve your lost items from under the refrigerator, stove, and furniture. Special note: don’t know why, but anything that can be pushed off a flat smooth surface probably will be, so place your breakables high up where kitty can’t get them or in a closed cabinet or closet. Remember these guys just love a challenge!

You’re vet is always ready to answer any questions about caring of your kitten. Please feel free to bring a list with you or call at any time. Remember it is the behavior you dislike, not the cat, so don’t simply rush to give your cat up for adoption if they are being troublesome to you. Most aggressive problems in cats have very simple fixes that with a little time and energy can help your cat be the sweet, lovable pet you want.

NOTE: This article is for information only. See your veterinarian for medical advice.

Source by D.J.C.

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Benefits of Keeping a Hamster As a Pet

When it comes to keeping pets one of the most common pets is the hamster. The pet owners that choose hamsters choose them because of the ease of caring for them. Hamsters are rodents that are stout-bodied with a tail that is shorter than their bodies. To add to why the hamsters are seen as being the right choice for most people looking for pets is the breezy features that they have in terms of their small furry ears with short stocky legs and the wide feet. Apart from these bodily features, there are also other factors that make a hamster a good pet. One reason is that they are cheap to feed. Unlike other big pets, this home pet can be fed using a very small amount of cash. By buying the hamster a small bag of food pellets one can comfortably be able to feed it for a whole month without having to spend again.

These types of pets are generally safe to be with, in that they do not require any type of checkup or medical shots at that. This helps a lot in not only saving you from extra expenses but it also ensures that one’s family is safe from being close to this pet. Pet hamsters also do not require one to be regularly taking it out for walks. Just by ensuring that the pet hamster has an exercise wheel in its cage is more than enough. This will help a lot in helping one have more time to relax.



Source by Dorothy Seaton

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Keeping Oysters In Saltwater Aquariums – Oyster Care Tips

Saltwater aquariums are a source of pleasure in many homes, and young and old people alike love to watch them. These tanks show us a wonderful glimpse of what life is like under the surface of the ocean. There is quite a variety of life that can survive in an aquarium. Plants and fishes are not the only life forms that live in the sea, so why restrict your aquarium by using these two categories alone, to beautify it?

Artificial oysters are common as a release for air bubbles in many aquariums – the oyster opens to let the bubbles out. But with more and more people trying to recreate the ocean floor with their saltwater aquariums, Pearl producing oysters are a special treat for those with home saltwater aquariums. However it is their lesser cousins you will normally find in home aquariums, and understandably so. Did you know that if you place an oyster or a scallop in your tank, they will require more care than any other life form in the aquarium? It is vital that you realize that before you get one for the tank. It is such a let down to see people spend good money on oysters, and later realizing they have bit off more than they can chew on.

Oysters demand a very special water condition. They are not for those of us who are a bit lazy when it comes to maintaining a clean aquarium. Keep in mind, they will not live very long if your tank gets dirt in it often – oysters need cleanliness and care. Nature has a nice way of dealing with this issue – oysters do clean out the water so they can balance the effect, but they can do it only up to a point and no more before it takes its toll on them. Did you know you will have to take special care of their diet as well? Don’t say we didn’t warn you! You need to feed every oyster separately through their pipette upstream. Here it is vital to note – keep the number of oysters in your aquarium minimum, unless you want to spend your entire day feeding them! You will need to give them nutrition supplements as well as a microscopic amount of plankton to keep them healthy.

Some varieties of oyster can survive more often in artificial environments than others. So if you are new at this, go for one of these. You could go for the more delicate ones once you are sure of your self. You will often see varieties like the spiny and the thorny in aquariums. These are such accurate names for these beautiful creations of nature. I bet this article has got you interested in getting an oyster into your saltwater aquarium. Why not visit your local store to see what they have available?

Source by Abhishek Agarwal

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Keeping Swans – 5 Tips If You Are Thinking of Raising Swan

Swans are truly elegant birds. Their overall physique and stature makes them ornamental in every pond and lake. Whenever you want to raise swan, keeping swans is just a matter of simple tasks. They do not require extensive work upon raising them, however, you must guard them against predators like coyotes and wolves as swans are very gentle in nature. Whenever you have plans in keeping swans for your own purposes, consider the following tips in raising them:

1. Before keeping swans, make a shelter for them. They usually spend time in bodies of water, so if you don’t have one you can try to make a man-made pond or lake. Be sure to add trees and bushes around so they can have a hooded place for their nests.

2. Guard them from predators by fencing their place. Swans are very attractive in the eyes of carnivorous animals, so you must protect them from these predators. The fence will also keep them from wandering around.

3. Add aquatic plants in your man-made pond or lake. Swans are mostly herbivorous and they feed on roots, stems, leaves and tubers from the aquatic plants that they can find. However, this task is not necessary if you are keeping swans in a natural pond or lake.

4. Make sure to provide your swans with a continuous supply of food or else, they will wander away. Swans naturally fly away, but they will keep on coming back if their usual place of stay has a continuous supply of food.

5. Once a swan has her own cygnets, they will start in taking care of it. You just need to watch for neglected cygnets. These cygnets either have a disability or suffering from a bad health, and mature swans neglect these kinds of cygnets as a way of natural selection, a kind of survival principle. You have the option to take care of these neglected cygnets personally and assist them in growing up.

Keeping swans are not very hard tasks, so you can readily start raising them. Breeding is not a problem as well since swans commonly have their permanent partner for mating and they make their own nests for incubating their eggs. Just be watchful for predators as swans cannot protect themselves from these carnivorous animals. After focusing on keeping swans efficiently, you can be assured with a line of quality beautiful swans for your pond or lake!



Source by Andrew Grey

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The Pros and Cons of Keeping Rabbits As Pets

Learn Why Rabbits Make Great Pets

Rabbits are a popular choice of pets for people all over the world and there are many reasons why people love to keep them around. First of all rabbits are very small in size and therefore they don’t require a lot of space for their upkeep. Because of their size, children find them convenient to be around as they are not intimidating.

Another good thing about rabbits is their appearance. They are very adorable and cute as pets. This makes them very likeable too. Rabbits also require low maintenance once you take them home. They feed on dried foods, vegetables and grass hay which is very easy to buy and readily available. They are also very immune to many different diseases and require little or no vaccinations.

Rabbits have a long life span compared with other animals of similar size. Some of them could live for as long as 10 years when they are properly taken care of. They also don’t require a lot of attention as they are very independent and can do a lot of things on their own just like cats. You can easily allow them out of their cages to run around and exercise their bodies and if you have more than one, you organize races for them which are fun to watch.

If you are looking for a pet to play with both indoors and outdoors then rabbits are just perfect. They are very playful and show a lot of affection towards their owners. They like to lick you just like dogs and make just as nice a pet. Rabbits also have a lot of personality even though they are very small. They are intelligent and can be litter box trained to help keep their cages clean.

In spite of all the advantages of having pet rabbits, there are also some disadvantages that you should be aware of. First of all rabbits can be stubborn when you are first trying to train them. It can be very time consuming when teaching them to use the litter box for the first time and you should be really patient during that time. You will also have to clean the litter box regularly and disinfect it to prevent odors and infections. Cages should also be cleaned and disinfected regularly to prevent bad odors in your house.

Rabbits tend to chew anything they come into contact with which can lead to damage of very important things. You should make sure your home is rabbit-proofed if you plan to keep rabbits as pets and let them run loose in your home. During unfavorable weather conditions such as extremely low temperatures, rabbits may have to be given special attention to prevent diseases especially if they live outdoors. You may want to put them indoors during this time or fix some type of heater for their cages.

Getting vaccinations or finding medical experts for rabbits can be quite difficult in some locations compared with more popular pets such as dogs and cats. For instance you might want to get your pet rabbit’s teeth trimmed to prevent uncontrolled chewing but finding a medical expert for the procedure could be difficult.

All in all rabbits do make great pets and the pros out weigh the cons by a large margin. Probably the biggest problem is trying to choose what kind of rabbit to get as a pet because there so many different varieties. They come in many sizes, looks, colors, etc. but choosing the best one is part of the fun.



Source by Don A Levy

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Keeping Swans – 5 Tips If You Are Thinking Of Raising Swans

Swans are truly elegant birds. Their overall physique and stature makes them ornamental in every pond and lake. Whenever you want to raise swan, keeping swans is just a matter of simple tasks. They do not require extensive work upon raising them, however, you must guard them against predators like coyotes and wolves as swans are very gentle in nature. Whenever you have plans in keeping swans for your own purposes, consider the following tips in raising them:

1.    Before keeping swans, make a shelter for them. They usually spend time in bodies of water, so if you don’t have one you can try to make a man-made pond or lake. Be sure to add trees and bushes around so they can have a hooded place for their nests.

2.    Guard them from predators by fencing their place. Swans are very attractive in the eyes of carnivorous animals, so you must protect them from these predators. The fence will also keep them from wandering around.

3.    Add aquatic plants in your man-made pond or lake. Swans are mostly herbivorous and they feed on roots, stems, leaves and tubers from the aquatic plants that they can find. However, this task is not necessary if you are keeping swans in a natural pond or lake.

4.    Make sure to provide your swans with a continuous supply of food or else, they will wander away. Swans naturally fly away, but they will keep on coming back if their usual place of stay has a continuous supply of food.

5.    Once a swan has her own cygnets, they will start in taking care of it. You just need to watch for neglected cygnets. These cygnets either have a disability or suffering from a bad health, and mature swans neglect these kinds of cygnets as a way of natural selection, a kind of survival principle. You have the option to take care of these neglected cygnets personally and assist them in growing up.

Keeping swans are not very hard tasks, so you can readily start raising them. Breeding is not a problem as well since swans commonly have their permanent partner for mating and they make their own nests for incubating their eggs. Just be watchful for predators as swans cannot protect themselves from these carnivorous animals. After focusing on keeping swans efficiently, you can be assured with a line of quality beautiful swans for your pond or lake!

Source by Andrew Grey