Pet Grooming Tips For Beginners

Pet Grooming Tips For Beginners

Many pet owners find it very convenient and cost efficient to groom their pets at home instead of engaging professional pet grooming services. For those of you who are interested in grooming your pet yourself at home but are not too sure how to go about doing it, you can check out these few tips below to help you embark more easily on pet grooming your pet yourself.

First of all, make sure you have the right tools, accessories and supplies for grooming your pet. This is especially important if you have many different types of pets at home. For example if you have a dog and cat at home, do not use the brush used for brushing your cat on your dog. This is very unhygienic as well as appropriate way to misuse your grooming brush. Make sure you use different grooming brush for your cat and dog. Essential tools includes grooming brush, grooming shampoo, grooming comb, grooming scissors, hair dryer and last but not least a nail clippers.

Next, choose the right brush for your pet's coat type. For example, if you have a pet with a fluffy coat, it is essential to get a paddle brush to keep that fluffiness. Likewise, if you have a pet with a finer coat, get a brush that is for more sensitive use. Remember, do not misuse the brush as in tip above, thinking you can save a few bucks by fully utilizing the grooming brush.

Selecting the right shampoo for your pet is also another important point that you should take note of. Many pet owners think that pet grooming is as simple as just shampooing and washing their pet using normal shampoo but nothing can be further from the truth. Animals are sensitive to shampoo made for humans. To prevent skin and coat irritation to your pet, make sure you choose a pet shampoo that is suitable for the kind of skin that your pet has.

Another point to take note for the inexperienced pet groomer is to find a proper place to groom your pet. The obvious choice is to go for the toilet. However, if you are not able to do so, find an enclosed area that can be easily clean up after each pet grooming session. Failure to lock in or enclose your pet will result in a wet running all over your house and messing up your home.

However, if you are going to groom a big dog which can not be fit inside a small bathtub, try taking it out to the backyard for the grooming session. This can only be done during the warmer months. Do not try it cold weather or it can seriously affect the health of your dog.

Last but not least, you need to have patience when grooming your pet. This is especially so for first timers new to grooming your own pets. You may not know how to handle your pet initially but with patience, your pet and you will learn to bond better and enjoy the grooming sessions together.

Source by Arielson Albert

Introduction to Content Security for Beginners

Introduction to Content Security for Beginners

Browsers: What do they have in common (except maybe for being the “internet button”)? They can’t distinguish malicious content from benign. As this flaw had to be tackled, content security was introduced.

What causes content to become malicious?

Much of this malicious content can either be cross-site scripting (XSS) or clickjacking. Clickjacking, as the term suggests, is a form of hiding a hyperlink in another website’s clickable content. This way, the user is lured to actions he is unaware of, makes clicks he never intended and potentially reveals valuable or even confidential information to the attacker.

Cross-site scripting on the other hand, can prove a lot more dangerous as it accounts for 84% of security issues. Cross-site scripting falls into the category of code injection, as the malicious person embeds content in the website and accesses all information under the umbrella of the legitimate site.

These two constitute the most common attackers of a website bypassing the same origin policy. This policy is an important security aspect of the web world, as its mechanism is that it links two web pages only if they share the same origin. In practice, that means that if someone injects malicious content in one web page it cannot access another page’s information.

What can I do as a beginner?

This model ensures data confidentiality as the website owner provides secure, trusted and hence whitelisted sources of content and covers a wide array of types such as HTML5, JavaScript, CSS, images, audio files and many others. The Content Security Policy standard allows owners to predefine the content of their website whether it ‘d be inline scripts, or resources. Each page can have a standard security policy in order to minimise the damage in such cases where an attacker has already injected malicious content. For example, there are many ways the owner can specify which content is safe and hence which one can load in each page without problems. The most usual among those are:

1) Trust only scripts from the same source via HTTPS

2) Images loaded should come from a particular CDN

3) Frames or inline scripts should not be allowed

4) Only allow fonts from Google Fonts

Content security policy standard was first introduced in 2004 and has evolved accordingly ever since, with the majority of browsers complying with it. It is a “must-have” tool particularly for online businesses that implement user accounts such as e-shops, banks or social media.

Source by Apostolos Michailidis

Warhammer – The Beginners Guide to Rogue Trader and Collecting Warhammer

The Rogue Trader early years:

The rule book written by Rick Priestley for the Warhammer 40000 game, Rogue Trader was published in 1987, this first issue is massively different to any of the future issues. It is mainly a cross between RPG’s and classic Table Top Games, rather than a pure Table Top Battle Game. Rogue Trader had more in depth information and background on the wider reaches of the 40K universe, its races and their technologies, unlike later editions of the game, for me this is why it is considered a prized collectors’ piece and holds a special place in my collection.

This Rulebook is considered much less rigid in the rules of 40K than later editions, as it employed a much broader set of views within the narration than was common in future versions and readily encouraged mixed faction forces.

Jokero, Slann, Squats, Zoats are examples of races that were not included in the first edition of RT.

Rogue Trader had six sections:

  • Rules of combat,
  • Scenario for Crimson Fist Space Marines fighting Orks on Rynn’s World,
  • An Equipment section.
  • Background Section
  • Special rules for advanced gamers,
  • A summary including all of the charts in the book.

A few elements of the setting (bolters, Dreadnought armour) can be seen in a set of wargaming rules called Laserburn written by Bryan Ansell and produced by Tabletop Games in 1980. The influence of these can also be seen in the prototype Necromunda game mechanics

My Interest in Rogue Trader

When I got onto Games Workshop products back in the late eighties it was the Rogue Trader miniatures that grabbed my attention. Rick Priestley really done a number on my life! When I first started modeling I used to build and paint my own lead models, typically British Red Coats, Prussians, and Napoleonic forces etc.

Then one day I bought a pack of Ral Partha fantasy figures and started veering down the Fantasy route but it wasn’t until 1987 with the coming of Rogue Trader that I found something that would take up a lot of my time, effort and of course money and that was the good old Imperium of Man – (Rick Priestley wrote Rogue Traders as being freelance explorers employed by the Imperium to search for planets outside of the established borders) and all the ghastly creatures you had to fight. Though at first there was no sign of Chaos, well not like there exists today – sure Preistley hints about the forces of the warp (Chaos) but it wasn’t until some expansions came out that we saw the full might of the Chaos forces come through.

The pride of my collection was a complete Imperial Space Marine army, lovingly built and painted over a number of years. Then again I also had a fantastic collection of Zoats, Space Slann, Imperial Guard, ah the list is endless really!

After a few years I had moved in with my wife to be and had our first son, the gaming all of a sudden became less and less of a thing, working and paying the bills seemed to take up every moment of my life (even when I was going through Uni I had managed to balance gaming with real life but having children really is a whole different ball game:)

So over the next decade my beloved collections got lost or broken as we bought our homes and moved around due to careers, and sadly I eventually stopped gaming!

Then skip forward to 2001 and a football injury saw me house ridden for 6 months and low and behold I started to buy 40K models from the local GW shop. In the years following that I began to really appreciate the workmanship of the Rouge Trader models (Today’s models are definitely more sculptured/ornate and are really nice on the eye) I missed the simplicity of those early models – maybe in was with rosy eyes and bags of nostalgia that I remembered them but all of a sudden I wanted to regain my lost collections!

Boy!!! Was that easier said than done, since Games Workshop put all the RT stuff out of production and broke most of the molds I was finding it hard to find them BUT thankfully the web was really starting to hit it’s potential and I could start finding clubs and websites where I could speak to other like minded people and of course EBAY:)) Now I know it has it’s knockers and it’s downsides but it was the number 1 stop for me to finding a lot of my lost minis BUT it was a nightmare of shill bidding, sniping, buyers pulling out of sales as the auction didn’t hit what they wanted, figures being lost or broken in the post etc.

Alas there is now a multitude of places to find your old miniatures:)

The full Games Workshop Rogue Trader armies list and codes:

The codes where changed in the 1991 edition but I have listed the codes for the first releases.

Earliest Codes:

RTO1 – Space Marines (wd93)

RTO2 – Space Orks (wd93)

RTO3 – Space Dwarfs (wd94)

RTO4 – Space Elfs (wd94)

RTO5 – Imperial Army (wd96)

RTO6 – Marine Heavy Weapon (Multi-Melta)

RT7 – Mercenaries (wd95)

RT7 – Dreadnought Armour (wd95)

Space Marines

RTO1 – Space Marines (wd93)

RT101 – Imperial Space Marines (wd99)

RT101 – Imperial Space Marines (wd100)

RT103 – Marine Heavy Weapons (wd102)

RT105 – Imperial Commander (wd98)

RT106 – Vincent Black Shadow (wd99)

RT106 – Medic on Bike (wd102)

RT107 – Rhino Crew Marines (wd103)

RT108 – Imperial Robots (wd104)

4106 – Space Marine Chaplains (wd108)

Space Orks

RTO2 – Space Orks

RT202 – Ork Command Group (wd97)

RT204 – Ork Dreadnought (wd99)

RT205 – Ork Battle Buggy (wd98)

RT206 – Ork Dreadnought Expansion (wd99)

RT207 – Ork Heavy Weapons (wd100)

RT – Space Orks (wd106)

Space Dwarfs

RTO3 – Space Dwarfs (wd94)

RT302 – Space Dwarf Command (wd97)

RT303 – Space Dwarf Heavy Weapons (wd97)

RT304 – Squat Thudd Gun (wd101)

RT305 – Squat Bikes (wd103)

Space Elfs

RTO4 – Space Elfs (wd94)

RT401 – Space Elfs (BotA)

RT402 – Space Elf Command (wd99)

RT403 – Eldar Dreadnought (wd100)

RT403 – Eldar War Robot (wd101)

RT403 – Eldar War Walker (wd102)

RT404 – Eldar D-Cannon (wd99)

RT404 – Eldar Artillery (wd103)

4306 – Eldar Jet Bike (wd106)

4306 – Harlequin Jet Bike (wd107)

4306 – Harlequins (wd107)

Imperial Army

RTO5 – Imperial Army (wd96)

RT501 – Imperial Army 1 (wd98)

RT501 – Imperial Army 2 (wd98)

RT502 – Imperial Heavy Weapons (wd102)

RT502 – Mercenaries (wd95)

RT503 – Imperial Landspeeder (wd101)

RT505 – Imperial Rapier (wd100)

RT509 – Guards on Motorbikes

4010 – Imperial Guard Commisars (wd109)

4010 – Imperial Guard (wd109)

Miscellaneous

RT601 – Adventurers (wd99)

RT601 – Pirates (wd103)

RT602 – Ambull (wd99)

RT701 – Medics

IC301 – Iron Claw Space Pirates (wd99)

IC501 – Iron Claw Squats (wd100)

IC2003 – Jump Troopers

Boxed sets:

RTB01 – Space Marines

RTB02 – Space Ork Raiders

RTB03 – Devastators

RTB04 – Rhinos

RTB05 – Land Raiders

RTB06 – Harlequins

RTB07 – Imperial Guard (Plastic Kit)

RTB08 – Predator (Plastic Vehicle Kit)

RTB09 – Terminators

RTB10 – Space Dwarfs (Plastic Kit)

RTB11 – Land Raider (Single Kit)

RTB12 – Rhino (Single Kit)

RTB13 – Space Orks (Plastic Kit)

RTB14 – Ork Battlewagon(Kit)

RTB15 – Space Marine Strike Force

RTB16 – Terminators & Tyranids

TSF (Blisters)

TSF16 – Jet Cycle

TSF18 – Space Slann

TSF18 – Space Zoats

Imperial Ogyrn Hero

Ogryns (and Ogres)

Limited Edition Rogue Trader

Grav Attack Vehicle

RTLE – Christmas Marines

SFD Giant Robots

LE1 – Space Orc

LE2 – Imperial Space Marine

LE6 – Space Santa

LE9 – Space Skeleton

LE10 – Power Armoured Marine

LE22 – Orc Bazookas

LE101 – Chaos Renegade Marine

LE102 – Traitor Legionnaire

Space Crusade Dreadnoughts

Source by Richie Byrne

How to Pick Great Serger Sewing Machines for Beginners

Sewing is a favorite hobby for millions of people around the world. While some of them sew beautiful things as a well-loved job, others simply enjoy casual sewing projects for fun and relaxation. Although a sewing machine is a wonderful choice for almost any sewing need there may ever be, a Serger sewing machine is one that can help anyone create beautiful professional looking items quickly and easily.

If you are unfamiliar with Sergers and would like to find a suitable beginner's type, consider the following to help you get a great machine for a great price:

Brand Names

Most people know the top brand names when it comes to sewing machines and while they do have a trusted name for quality products, when choosing a Serger machine, it's a good idea to look at all of the different brands that are available. Top names like Singer will certainly have many top Serger machines, there are also many other great names that may be more suitable for beginner users.

Depending on your Serger sewing machine needs, a less popular name brand might be the best option for a beginner's Serger model that's more inexpensive for practice, however do not remember that cheap is not always the best choice. Even some of the top brand names will offer a variety of price ranges for their Serger models, so check out their own collection to see if anything suits your budget and needs.

Check Reviews

Read up on the top names that make Serger machines and see which ones have highly rated reviews. Many users just like you will post all of their findings about particular Serger models, which is a wonderful way to get insight on which ones might work best for your needs.

Another great way to find out about different Sergers is to join sewing forums or ask around in sewing and craft shops. Most people love to share their insight and advice with others to help them make a smart purchase for their first Serger sewing machine.

Shop Around

When you've found a couple of good names and models that might work best for you, always shop around to see where you can get the best price. Some trusted shops and online sites will have a variety of Serger sewing machines, so check out their prices and compare Serger models to see which one will match your needs and budget the best. There are some sites that will offer comparisons between similar Serger sewing machine models, so you can get a better idea of ​​beginner model price ranges.

Always remember to take your time when looking for a Serger sewing machine, because no matter what brand or price point you look at, it should be considered an investment for the future rather than something to use a couple of times and throw away. Choose a Serger that has the most value for your dollar will not only make you feel great about the purchase but also give you a wonderful beginner's machine that will give you endless hours of creative fun.

Source by Mario Leal

How to Pick Great Serger Sewing Machines for Beginners

How to Pick Great Serger Sewing Machines for Beginners

Sewing is a favorite hobby for millions of people around the world. While some of them sew beautiful things as a well-loved job, others simply enjoy casual sewing projects for fun and relaxation. Although a sewing machine is a wonderful choice for almost any sewing need there may ever be, a Serger sewing machine is one that can help anyone create beautiful professional looking items quickly and easily.

If you are unfamiliar with Sergers and would like to find a suitable beginner's type, consider the following to help you get a great machine for a great price:

Brand Names

Most people know the top brand names when it comes to sewing machines and while they do have a trusted name for quality products, when choosing a Serger machine, it's a good idea to look at all of the different brands that are available. Top names like Singer will certainly have many top Serger machines, there are also many other great names that may be more suitable for beginner users.

Depending on your Serger sewing machine needs, a less popular name brand might be the best option for a beginner's Serger model that's more inexpensive for practice, however do not remember that cheap is not always the best choice. Even some of the top brand names will offer a variety of price ranges for their Serger models, so check out their own collection to see if anything suits your budget and needs.

Check Reviews

Read up on the top names that make Serger machines and see which ones have highly rated reviews. Many users just like you will post all of their findings about particular Serger models, which is a wonderful way to get insight on which ones might work best for your needs.

Another great way to find out about different Sergers is to join sewing forums or ask around in sewing and craft shops. Most people love to share their insight and advice with others to help them make a smart purchase for their first Serger sewing machine.

Shop Around

When you've found a couple of good names and models that might work best for you, always shop around to see where you can get the best price. Some trusted shops and online sites will have a variety of Serger sewing machines, so check out their prices and compare Serger models to see which one will match your needs and budget the best. There are some sites that will offer comparisons between similar Serger sewing machine models, so you can get a better idea of ​​beginner model price ranges.

Always remember to take your time when looking for a Serger sewing machine, because no matter what brand or price point you look at, it should be considered an investment for the future rather than something to use a couple of times and throw away. Choose a Serger that has the most value for your dollar will not only make you feel great about the purchase but also give you a wonderful beginner's machine that will give you endless hours of creative fun.

Source by Mario Leal

Radio Controlled Boats For Beginners

Radio Controlled Boats For Beginners

One thing I know for sure, when you are a 'beginner' at any hobby or sport, it's obvious. There is no shame to being new, but I think a lot of people have hesitated to try something new, just because they do not want to be the 'new guy'. I say, 'get over it'. Everybody was new once.

Let's look at the radio controlled boats hobby. I can vividly recall my husband's first year of running rc boats. I witnessed his progress from the sidelines, but made some observations that may help you.

The important thing is to realize that you are 'new', and to pick one of the radio controlled boats that suits your ability and skill level. Trying to start at the top will only lead to frustration, embarrassment, and perplex failure. My husband did a little research, and decided to start with an electric radio controlled boat. Wise choice! He read that these radio controlled boats were easier to handle, and require a lot less maintenance.

The next thing he did, and probably the hardest thing, was introduce himself to a group of guys at the lake that appeared to know what they were doing. Breaking that 'ice', and letting them know that he was a new rc boat guy, really was a good move. The group immediately took him under their wing, and were generous with their time and advice.

In no time at all, my husband had the confidence to run his boat side by side with his new found friends. So, my advice is two-fold. First, if you are going to give your hand a try running radio controlled boats, choose the right equipment … do a little research and start small.

Second, do not be shy. Hobbyists are generally happy to welcome someone new to their world. You can learn so much more from their experience than you can reading through literature. Not only that, but you will earn their respect by being humble, and seeking out their help. What a great way to build new friendships.

As I mentioned earlier, everyone has to start somewhere … we are all the 'new guy' once!

Source by Lynn McArthur

Wood Craft Supplies For Beginners

If you are in need of a group project for a kids club and would like to teach basic wood crafting skills, consider a simple birdhouse or shelf. For projects this size, the wood craft supplies can be fairly cost effective, especially if you are willing to use scrap lumber and borrowed power tools. Many people are more than willing to donate or offer use of tools and supplies, you may even get volunteers to help with teaching. Even so, you will still need to buy a few essential wood craft supplies. Check funds from your clubs treasury and make a list.

Purchased Wood Craft Supplies

Sandpaper-No matter what project you are underaking, you will need sandpaper to eliminate cut and splintered ends and to smooth surfaces. Sand paper comes in many grits, you will need an assortment of all kinds.

Wood screws and nails-It just would not be wood working without drilling or hammering. Purchase wood screws and nails that are long enough to attach your wood together.

Wood glue-Applying wood glue to joints before attaching with wood screws and nails will insure a long lasting bond. Once the glue has been applied and the joints put together, wipe off any excess glue that has squeezed out. Wood glue does not dry clear.

Paint and stain-Small bottles of paint can be purchased at craft stores or hardware stores. Clear spray sealer is a wonderful finish to apply to a birdhouse, after it has been completed, to seal the paint from the weather.

Borrowed Wood Craft Supplies

Jig saw-This saw is a versatile tool for woodworking. It can cut dowels to size or cut simple shapes that have been drawn out on wood.

Power drill and bits-Drilling a pilot hole before adding a wood screw will eliminate splitting. Use a drill bit to drill the hole, change to a screwdriver bit and attach the screws.

Miter saw-A chop saw is perfect for cutting straight cuts on narrow boards and, as the name implies, mitering angles.

Sander-An electric sander will give faster results than sanding by hand, which can overwhelm some wood crafters. Some electric sanders are even small enough to reach tight corners.

Clamps-A third hand is always nice when woodworking. Clamp wood to aid while cutting, drilling or to hold glued pieces together while glue is drying.

Measuring tape-There is an old saying, "Measure twice-cut once". Enough said.

Goggles-Eye protection is a necessity for all aspects of woodworking. If you can not see your project when you are finished with it, it was not worth doing.

Note: Never allow children to handle power tools of any kind without constant, hands on, adult supervision.

The Internet is full of simple wood craft patterns that are free to download and copy. Consider designing your own if you can not find what you need or want. Visit your local library for an abundance of books on the subject or scan the magazines at your local supermarket for wood craft topics.

Wood crafting can instill a life long skill and interest in a child and years of accumulating his or her own wood craft supplies.

Source by Angela Hamm

Stamp Collecting As A Hobby For Beginners

Stamp Collecting As A Hobby For Beginners

Most people have hobbies because they have been interested in them for a very long time. However a hobby like stamp collecting, will entice you even if you have never thought of it before. You will be surprised at how nice it is to look at the stamps in an album. The bright colors and fine print are often too hard to resist appreciating.

Taking up new hobby however, takes some guts. As beginners, you may not know anything about stamp collecting. You need a guide to tell you how to start, how to proceed. Read this article and you will find out more.

Stamp collecting is very simple but it requires some patience. You need patience because it is not every day that unique stamps are produced and it is also not every day that you can find unique stamps. To begin collecting, read on more:

Steps:

1) Purchase a large amount or packet of stamps to begin with. Alternately, you can remove stamps from packages. This will give you a head start to your collection.

2) In order to store the stamps, you need to purchase an album in which you can store your stamps in. Purchase a good quality album and do make sure that the album is large enough to store all your stamps in future.

3) Buy hinges. Hinges will help you to fix the stamp to the album. It is not advisable for you to paste the stamps with glue as it make a permanent arrangement and you would not be able to classify your stamps later.

4) Keep the album in a safe place. You can also keep your album in a polythene packet so that they are not wetted by water.

If you want to take a closer look at the stamps you may need the tools to look at it. They are:

1) An album or an archive stock book. Since you would already have one then this would not be a problem.

2) Magnifying glass. This is important as your may not be able to see the fine details of the stamp with your naked eye. You need a magnifying glass to take a closer look at the stamps.

3) Stamp tongs. Stamp tongs are small tongs with rounded tips. This is to prevent damage from skin oils and rough handling.

Stamp collecting is very simple and it does not require you to spend much money on it. Now, your stamp collection is only one step away.

Source by Joseph Then

Dog Grooming Tips For Beginners

Dog Grooming Tips For Beginners

Dog grooming can be very expensive if you visit a pet grooming salon. However, you must not compromise your pet's hygiene and overall physiological and psychological health by ignoring its need to be well-groomed. Just like people, they also need some pampering and grooming now and then so that they look and feel better.

Fortunately, you do not need to spend a lot of money on dog grooming. There are various ways in which you can take care of your pet by yourself in your own home. All you have to do is purchase some grooming tools and supplies and follow these tips on how to properly groom your pet.

The first thing you have to consider is your dog's coat. You do not want your pet to develop problems with fleas and other pests so you must always clean and maintain your pet's hair. One very essential pet supply is the soft-bristled brush. You have to make sure that you brush your dog's coat every day to prevent it from becoming tangled. Regular brushing will also make the coat shiny because it stimulates and spreads the natural oils found in the coat. It prevails shedding because it removes dead and dying hair.

As well, you need to have your dog's coat trimmed every month or two, depending on the breed. If you want to do this on your own, you need to have clippers or trimmers, scissors, a brush or a comb, a blow dryer, and towels.

Next, when it comes to bathing your dog, you need to get a good dog shampoo and soap, towels, comb, and brush. Before the bath, brush your dog's coat so that it does not become tangled when it gets wet. You have to bathe the dog every month (for dogs with long hair) or every two months (for short-haired dogs) or whenever the dog needs it (eg when it has rolled over in the mud or something smelly). Regular bathing will prevent your dog from getting fleas and other skin diseases. It also keeps the dog smelling nice and feeling clean.

Dog grooming also involves nail clipping. Your dog's nails grow just like yours and longer nails can do a lot of damage to your home. They may also break off, which would be painful for your pet. Therefore, you must cut your dog's nails about once a month. This is not like clipping your own nails because a dog's nails are shaped differently and are much thicker. You'll need to use a dog nail trimmer. You should also have some blood-clotting powder handy if the need arises.

Twice a month, check your dog's ears for fleas and infections. Then clean them using cotton balls, warm water, and mineral oil.

Finally, not only people have to brush their teeth. Your dog can also develop cavities and other diseases of the mouth, teeth, and gums. You need pet toothpaste and a toothbrush to clean the mouth twice a week.

Source by Sean Davids

Model Trains for Beginners

Model Trains for Beginners

Model trains are a hobby that fascinates enthusiasts and attracts admirers from all over the world. When taking up this exciting hobby, some thought should go into what type of model railway you wish to build as model trains for beginners can be overwhelming if you just dive in. This creative past time is the perfect way to display skill, imagination, and capture the wonderful essence of historical railways and trains with nostalgic memories of the past.

Whatever your vision is, spend some time planning your model railway and join a local enthusiasts club where you will find plenty of helpful tips and hints to get you started. Many small model railway projects start small and expand into complex systems capable of operating several trains at once in all kinds of different terrain. The tips in this article will help you plan and think about how to commence your own model railway.

Theme and Era

Are you looking for the days of luxury trains like The Flying Scotsman or Orient Express, or looking to the great Trans continental railways like the Trans Siberian Express or the Indian Pacific, which ran on the world’s longest straight stretch of track across Australia? You need to decide on the year, the country and the rolling stock and trains you require. This is a very exciting task, and your project will evolve from these ideas.

Display Space

Model trains for beginners should not be over ambitious and should allow enough space to show off the layout without overwhelming the room for a first time model. You can always expand or start a new project that is wall to wall. All model railways are a labour of love, and it is best to start small because of all the detail involved.

Scale

If you have a small display space, then a smaller scale model railway will work better although more impact is needed from the scenery and setting. Larger scale models are easier to work with, but are more expensive.

Plan of the Track

Your track design has several options, and it is best to draw some different configurations on graph paper. Once you are satisfied with the layout of your track, you can use your sketch to build it into your setting.

Which Track Type to Use

There are many different brands of track on the market with varying rail sizes, roadbed attached track pieces and track only. Custom curves can be made from a flex track product. Review and try different types to see what suits you.

Display Table or Bench

Before deciding on the size of display area for your model railway, you can do a dummy run with your track on the floor. This will give you an idea of overall size required. Estimate how much extra will be needed for scenery and extras. This will give you the size of board, bench, or table for your display.

Electronics and Wiring

The operation of your model railway can be very sophisticated with digital command control (DCC) that enables you to operate two or three trains at once. Locomotives are electronic, but many other components and accessories are also electronic which will give you an authentic replica of a real railway with lights, switching of tracks, steam and smoke, whistles and other sounds. You can even buy tiny video cameras to record your train’s journey around your personal layout, which is great fun to watch.

Starting a model railroad can turn into a life long experience with something new and different to be added every day as your imagination updates your vision. Model trains for beginners are a rewarding and interesting hobby that not only gives satisfaction to the modeller, but also to people who see it. Just remember to plan carefully for a layout you will have for life.

Source by George Reno