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Synthetic Lubricants – Advantages, Disadvantages and Applications

Synthetic lubricants are often attached to products such as synthetic oils and greases. They are made out of different compounds like boron nitride, esters, diesters, chlorofluorocarbons, polyglycol and silicones. When compared to non-synthetic fluids, synthetic ones are often more expensive. But the cost one spends over synthetic greases is compensated with better cooling performance and fire resistance.

There are many types of synthetic lubricants for cooling performance and fire resistance. Some of the most popular ones are insulating and thermal oils, floor or mist coolants and circulating coolants. General applications include grinding, metal cutting, metal forming, transmission, hydraulic purposes and vacuum fluids. They vary according to dielectric strength, gravity, viscosity index, thermal conductivity, operating temperature and usage concentration. Learn about more facts regarding these industrial products.

Advantages versus disadvantages

Just like other products sold in the market today, synthetic oils, greases and lubricants have their own benefits and drawbacks. It is favored because it poses better stability in terms of shearing and chemical components. It does not evaporate as quick as other forms and it has a better temperature viscosity. It resists problems such as oil sludge, thermal breakdown and oxidation. Above all, because these lubricants provide better lubrication, it delivers more improved fuel economy than with non-synthetic versions.

Alongside these major advantages are some disadvantages as well. In some instances, synthetic lubricants result in lower friction so making them not that suitable for break-in purposes especially for brand new vehicles. In some environments, problems on decomposition may potentially arise. They also do not have the capacity to hold mineral oil and lead therefore precaution is needed when one makes use of leaded gasoline or fuel. Overall, synthetic greases are not advisable to be used in automotive rotary engines.

More specific applications and other facts on these industrial products

There is a wide array of designs created for synthetic oils, greases and lubricants depending on the industries where they are utilized. Some popular industries that benefit from such industrial products are automotive, marine, military and aerospace. They are highly favored in food and beverage as well as pharmaceutical industries too. In certain cases, the products provide much ease and help in making bearings, processing equipment, piston pumps, gears, compressors, final drives and combustion engines run properly.

Synthetic lubricants function very well with the help of several agents or components. With the use of extra pressure additives, stopping when there are heavy loads as well as sticking is prevented. Those with release agents also prevent other materials from sticking to any underlying surface.

Source by Richard C. Milton

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