Real Estate Investing & Property Tax Rates
In the United States, property tax is assessed by local government at the municipal or county level. The property tax assessment is based on two values - the value of the land, and the value of the building. Since property tax is calculated at a local-level – and since changes occur frequently – it's tricky to determine the exact spots where property tax is the lowest. However, the following information should help you locate areas with high appreciation AND low property taxes.
Which States Have the Lowest Property Tax Rates?
County tax rates are often averaged into a single figure, and this number is used when comparing property taxes between states. Surprisingly, Wyoming has the lowest property tax rates. Unfortunately, property values in Wyoming tend to be pretty depressed, due to low population influx and a lack of jobs. Also, Wyoming does not rank highly when it comes to appreciation rates for residential and commercial real estate. Just because an area has low property taxes does not mean it will be the best area to invest in (or relocate to).
What to Look For When Investing
Look for an area that has a consistent rate of real estate assessment, combined with fairly low property taxes. Often, local property tax rates are low because real estate appreciation in the area is low – so you need to be careful. Cities located next to universities and areas where businesses are relocating are usually excellent spots to buy real estate. Paying attention to population growth can help you spot real estate trends and make wiser investments.
Medium-Sized Cities With the Lowest Property Tax Rates
According to data collected by the Office of the CFO in Washington, DC, the following cities have the lowest property tax rates in 2006, based on an annual income of $ 75,000. Assuming you earn $ 75,000 annually, here are the property tax amounts you would pay in each city …
Birmingham AL – $ 988
Cheyenne WY – $ 1,108
Phoenix AZ – $ 1,248
Wichita KS – $ 1,309
Denver CO – $ 1,362
Charleston WV – $ 1,395
Oklahoma City OK – $ 1,538
Kansas City, MO – $ 1,595
Little Rock AR – $ 1,648
Louisville, KY – $ 1,713
Jacksonville FL – $ 1,744
Honolulu HI – $ 1,781
Billings MT – $ 1,864
Salt Lake City, UT – $ 1,904
Virginia Beach VA – $ 1,918
Jackson MS – $ 1,971
Charlotte, NC – $ 2,021
Boise, ID – $ 2,176
Columbia SC – $ 2,214
Las Vegas NV – $ 2,225
Sioux Falls SD – $ 2,228
New Orleans, LA – $ 2,231
Wilmington DE – $ 2,416
Memphis TN – $ 2,501
Albuquerque NM – $ 2,517
Houston TX – $ 2,861
The Connection Between State Income Taxes & Property Tax Rates
States with no income tax (see list below) usually have high property tax rates in their relevant counties (The state needs to get its revenue from somewhere!). However, the trade-off is that you will have zero taxes on all earned income. This can be a huge advantage. Instead of paying the state 7 to 15 percent (or more) of your income, you can keep your hard-earned money, and invest it back into real estate or other investments. There are currently nine states that do not tax income at the state level.
States With No Income Tax
New Hampshire *
* New Hampshire and Tennessee do not tax earned income, but they DO tax capital gains (divide and interest income).
How To Find the Best of Both Worlds: Low Property Tax & No State Income Tax
If you're looking for the best of both worlds (low property tax and no state income tax), you may want to consider the following cities:
Sioux Falls, SD
Las Vegas, Nevada
You can also explore less well-known cities in the nine "no-income-tax" states. Smaller towns and cities generally offer "quality of life" advantages, and higher-than-average price appreciation and growth.
Now you know which states do not tax income, and which areas have the lowest property tax rates. Armed with this knowledge, you can focus on finding the best spot for your next home or real estate investment.