A good hygiene practice ensures that it minimises cross infection, when dealing with accidents and injuries it is important that everything is kept clean to avoid infection. Infections are caused by germs and can be passed on through any open wound, on either the person dealing with the wound or the actual person who is involved in the accident. Infections can be passed on from a person who has already got an infection/germ to others by contact like touching, sneezing or coughing, this is why it is important to sterilise everything possible to help reduce the risk of cross infection that could live in toys/objects etc that are played with by the children. The course of action that needs to be taken is simple and will minimise the transfer of infections from one person to another.
When working with children there are times when everybody will come in contact with body fluids these are blood, urine, faeces and vomit. Bacteria and germs are present in these and can cause infection if transferred to food equipment and toys etc. Germs are destroyed by carefully washing hands with soap and water. If a child in a child care environment has a nose bleed it would be very important to make sure that it is cleaned up to do this it would have to be cleaned by a cloth with warm water, soap and anti-bacterial fluid. The cloth used to clean the nose bleed up has to be disposed of into a bin with a lid on it where the children are unable to have access to.
When a child uses the toilet there is likely to be spillages/accidents, if urine or faeces get on the toilet or anywhere around the toilet e.g. on the floor. It needs to be cleaned up the correct way. Precautions must be taken such as protective clothing, (disposable gloves and apron) cloth, anti-bacterial wipes and hot soapy water to clean it. Once cleaned every thing that has been used to deal with the spillage/accident e.g. cloths and protective clothing needs to be binned and the bin should be in a safe place where children are unable to gain access to it.
There are serious infections such as HIV and Hepatitis that can be passed through any of the fluids (urine, blood or faeces). To prevent this from happening we should;
- Always wear protective clothing
- Dispose of all body fluids correctly
- Dispose of all protective clothing correctly
- Make sure that all children dispose of any tissue that they have used to wipe their nose into a closed bin.
Encouragement of good hygiene practise in children is important as it helps the children to understand the importance in preventing germs from being passed on through washing their hands after using the toilet, before and after they eat.
Encouraging children to wash their hands thoroughly gets them into a habit for when they are older as it is defined health that as ‘a complete state of mental, physical and social well being.’
The bins that are used for waste disposal should be sent off for burning, a child minder in a home environment may find it difficult to clean up to these standards may be impossible so any waste materials should be wrapped up and put in a outside bin to make sure that it cannot be handled by a child.
Waste materials are things like soiled/wet clothes, tissues, cloths to mop up spillages such as body fluids etc. Strict guidelines should be followed for disposing of these fluids and every setting should have procedures for the disposal of waste. The procedure in the placement that I am currently in includes to dispose of soiled nappies in a tightly fastened nappy sack which then goes in a large bin and this bin is taken outside and put in a cage sort of bin at the end of each day that is inaccessible by almost everyone apart from the staff and the bin men and is collected weekly, taken away and then burned. Soiled clothes are rinsed and placed in a nappy sack that is fastened tightly and then taken home at the end of the day by the child’s parents to wash. Paper towels that are used are disposed in a closed bin along with any tissue that is used by the children to wipe their noses.
Germs and bacteria grow quickly on food, if the storage of food is poor or the actual preparation of food and serving. The hygiene of food is vitally important; a procedure for food handling will be present in every setting and must be followed which abide by the Food Safety Act 1990, the Food Handling Regulations 1995 and have their food hygiene certificate.