House training is the first and most essential part in training your new puppy. A puppy is a member of your household and the first thing a puppy must be taught is the toileting process. This will last a lifetime so it’s important to do this puppy training right the first time.
It’s important to understand that your puppy probably won’t be completely trained until he’s almost 6 months old. That’s because young puppies lack the bladder and bowel control that they need to be reliably left alone for long periods of time.
You should be available to supervise your new puppy but we all know it is not always possible. If you can’t be available for some period, confine your puppy to a small puppy-proof room. The entire floor should be covered with newspaper or some absorbent, disposable material. Initially, your puppy will go all over the area. As he gets older he will prefer one area. Gradually reduce the area covered in papers until the puppy eventually goes only on the toilet papers. The floor in the puppy-proof room should not resemble other floor areas in the house like carpet or hardwood. Once your puppy is used to eliminating on a particular surface, he will want to eliminate on that type of surface.
Most owners prefer for their dogs to eliminate outside so the puppy-proof room should only be used while you aren’t home to supervise. If your puppy spends time in a crate, which he should at first, you can place papers in one area in the crate for your puppy to use. Dogs are naturally very clean animals and they will do their best not to soil their bed area. This really helps your puppy develop self control.
For puppies who are to be outdoor trained, take the puppy to his designated toilet area every 45 minutes. When your puppy does his business in his designated area, lavish praise on him. He is learning the most important lesson in living in your household so go overboard with praise.
Put your puppy on a consistent feeding schedule so you can anticipate his needs. While he does need free access to clean, fresh drinking water, don’t give him unrestricted access to food. Equally, until he is fully trained, do not give him the run of the house. It will greatly aid in this training process is putting a collar and long lead on your puppy and tying the other end of the lead around your waist. Your puppy will like being close to you and he won’t have the opportunity to make many mistakes.
That doesn’t mean that mistakes won’t happen. When they do, don’t punish or reprimand him. He won’t understand the reason for the punishment and he might become nervous or distressed. He might even think he is being punished for eliminating at all. This may well set your training back rather than moving it forward.
The most important thing you need for house training your puppy is patience and a good sense of humor. Be calm and relaxed while being consistent in your training schedule and your puppy will be relaxed and calm while learning what he needs to learn to become a well adjusted member of the household. While you and your puppy are bonding during this training time, you can start to introduce other commands like sit, come, stay, down.
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