One of the biggest security issues present in ASP and PHP is the SQL injection. The thing with ASP and PHP is that they have flaws that let web developers make unintentional mistakes in creating SQL queries, leading to vulnerabilities in security. These are easy to fix, but do require some tinkering and research.
Preventing SQL Injections
An effective way to prevent SQL injections is to validate all user inputs thoroughly, identifying meta-characters so you can filter them all out. You must place filters properly so they can remove anything that is not known good data. Utilizing account lockout policies can also help by safeguarding your system from brute-forcing.
As with numeric input like age, telephone number, credit card number, and so on, values should be processed through special functions to make sure that the entered value only has numbers in it, as well as spaces if necessary. It would do good to limit the number of characters allowed to what is necessary also just to be sure. Do the same with dates, integers, and floats to leave no holes, or just have them in drop-down boxes. If selected through a drop-down box you should still validate the input as a hacker could submit their own html to the server using a text/hidden field instead of a dropdown. Remember that just because your form only lists valid values in a drop-down or radio-group or tick-box, a hacker can still submit any value they want for that field. You should assume that all input fields (regardless of type) can be submitted to the server as if it’s any text value.
For string inputs, on the other hand, it may be necessary to have certain meta-characters allowed. For example, people would have names like O’Neil, so you need to set the apostrophe (single quote) as allowed. In such scenarios, the name should be accepted and perhaps replace the quote with two quotes before putting it into the database just to be safe. It would be helpful to limit the number of characters like with numerical values since an unlimited number of characters can be utilized by someone who is planning to initiate an SQL injection attack.
Threat Management and Damage Control
You can clean up your code as thoroughly and as obsessively as you want, but you will still need assurance. The solution to this problem isn’t free, but is a good long-term investment, especially if your database has very sensitive data like bank account information, contact numbers, email addresses, physical addresses, and so on. In these cases, an SQL injection tool is required to help you with the process.
The best thing you can get is a trusty SQL injection scanner to detect any attacks whenever possible. These are enterprise-level applications available for companies to install onto their servers, so you don’t have to worry much about client-side implications other than making sure that customers can still enter data correctly.
If ever there really was an SQL injection attack, you will have to remove that filth. That is where an SQL injection removal program comes in. Usually available with the SQL injection scanner as a suite, it can be used for damage control so that you can still secure whatever precious data there may be while removing the threat from your system. This is definitely a must-have for emergencies, which makes it a worthwhile investment.
With your SQL injection tool in hand, you can increase security of your website’s database exponentially, thwarting any injection attempts from cracking through. Combining this with careful prevention, you can make sure that data is secure, no matter what. You cannot rely too much on your SQL injection scanner to tell you what’s wrong and your SQL injection removal software to take care of mishaps. Prevention is always better than cure.