When it comes to pet turtles it may seem they are all pretty much the same thing. In fact, turtles are quite differentiated and each breed and type of pet turtle has its own unique features, habits and requirements. Some of the most distinct differences across types are the colors and marks on their shells.
Land based turtles have different kinds of shells than do sea turtles or water based turtles like terrapins. Water based turtles tend to have lighter color shells, less distinct marks and softer shells as well than the land based turtles.
The most popular pet turtles include the box turtle and the slider turtle varieties. The most common breeds of turtles, such as the yellow bellied turtles, slider turtles, mud turtles and box turtles, all have distinct colorings and markings and an average life expectancy of about fifty years.
Some have a little bit less or more, but a fair number have been known to outlive their owners. This is, therefore, something to be considered when looking for a turtle pet. You have to be willing to commit to providing for your pet turtle for a long time.
Box turtles are one of the most common types of turtles and are commonly known for their dome shaped shells. They can live on a diet of fresh vegetables like fresh leafy greens but also enjoy other foods like snails, insects, fungi, berries, slugs, roots, worms and flowers.
During certain times of the season males will contend for the affections of a single female so if you're planning to own more than one pet turtle of differenting genders you will have to think about that.
Mud turtles are a common breed of aquatic turtles and there are certain species of mud turtles that are normally kept as household pets. These require, similar to the red-eared slider and the painted turtle, both a wet environment and dry environment to live in.
Other common types of pet turtles include the yellow bellied turtles which also have a long life expectancy and thrive on fresh leafy greens as a major part of their diet.
Regardless of what kind of turtle you get as a pet, you will need to provide fresh food and water as well a comfortable, climate-controlled environment for them.