How To Do Cat Litter Box Retraining

Cats stop using the cat litter box for a number of reasons. Once you discover the reason why and correct it, you may need to re-train your cat to use her box again. Despite what you think, you can train a cat! For most cats, it’s not hard. They

instinctively want to use a place with sand-like material to do their business.

To re-train your cat back to her good litter box habits, confine her to one room. It’s hard to say exactly for how long, but most cats are back in the habit within a week.

Pick a nice sunny room for kitty. Set up a clean cat litter box, food, water, toys, and bedding for her to sleep on. Be sure to put her food and water as far away from her litter box as possible.

Keep kitty in this room while you’re gone. Many cat owners purchase kitty DVDs for their cat to watch all day long while they’re gone. These DVDs feature birds, squirrels, chipmunks, and other critters that dart around. You can set up the DVD to play in a continuous loop all day long. These videos are also available in VHS tape format.

Let kitty out under your supervision. If she looks like she’s heading for her favorite corner to make an illegal dump, get her back to her room immediately, and place her in the cat litter box. If she uses it, praise her.

Generally, cats “get it” very quickly. For one thing, they get lonely being in a room by themselves. For another, it’s a cat’s

natural inclination to use a litter box. As long as you’ve corrected the source of her problem with the litter box, she’ll go back to using it.

If you can’t let your cat out and supervise her, be sure to visit kitty often. Sit in the room with her, and keep her company. Watch the DVD with her!

Confinement is not cruel if it’s done properly. If your cat won’t use the litter box during her confinement period, then the cat urine odor damage is limited to one room. If after a few days, your cat is still not using her cat litter box, please consult with your vet. There may a deeper issue that you simply can’t tell from observation.

Source by Nancy Wigal

All You Need To Know About CATS

All You Need To Know About CATS


  1. Introduction
  2. Basic Cat Info

2.1. Communication

2.2. Adaptability

2.3. Senses

2.3.1 Hearing

2.3.2 Seeing

2.3.3 Smelling

2.3.4 Tasting

2.3.5 Feeling

2.4. Behavior

2.5. Breeding

  1. Popular Names
  2. Beds
  3. Carriers and Crates
  4. Games
  5. Toys
  6. What Makes cats So Affectionate
  7. Facts


The question of whether or not a cat’s love is real might seem ridiculous to those who do not own cats. Dogs might claim the title of man’s best friend, but everyone who has lived with cats knows they’re simply too awesome to want to be friends with. Some might argue, however, that those who own cats apply human characteristics to non-human entities. Well, those who argue that all animals take care of their young ones just because of instinct have obviously not spent time with a cat. This article has helpful information about cats, together with just about everything you might want to know to help you and your precious cat in living together.



Cat communication has many varieties of vocalizations. They consist of mewing, purring, hissing, growling, trilling and grunting. Cats have cat pheromones and a number of specific body languages as well.


Like other felids, cats have a similar anatomy. They are very strong with quick reflexes, flexible bodies, sharp retractable claws, and very sharp teeth that are adapted to killing small prey like mice.


  • Hearing

Cats are known for having astounding senses. A cat’s outer ear flap takes in sound from every direction, which then goes down their ear canals to the eardrum. After the sound vibrates on the eardrum, the middle ear changes the vibration to sound waves and sends them to the cat’s cochlea and finally the brain. A cat can hear from twenty hertz up to approximately 65,000 hertz. Since a cat responds more readily to a high pitch than a low pitch, this might be the reason a cat seems to like a woman better with a high-pitched voice. The ears are also assist cats in balance. This is the main reason why cats normally land on their feet when falling.

  • Seeing

The feline eye structure has the cornea, the lens, the retina, the iris, and the tapetum lucidum. The tapetum lucidum is a layer of mirror-like cells that reflect small amount of light, helping a cat to see. This is why a cat only needs 1/6 of the light that a person needs so as to see clearly. Nonetheless, cats cannot see in total darkness. They also have a third eyelid known as the haw to protect their eyes. A cat’s pupil is elliptical to help control the quantity of light that enters. In semi-darkness, their pupils dilate and become almost flawlessly round. A cat’s pupil can dilate 3 times more than that of a human being.

  • Smelling

A cat relies on its sense of smell to establish its territory, and to know if food’s safe to eat. A cat’s nose has almost 200 million nerve cells, making its sense of smell fourteen times more sensitive than that of a human. Astonishingly, a cat can remember a certain smell for the rest of its life.

  • Tasting

Although a cat only has 475 taste buds, while humans have 9,000, it has unique papillae to make up for it. Its tongue is covered with numerous small projections that hook downwards, giving it a rough, sand-papery feel. The papilla helps them scrape meat off bones and hold their prey. Cats also have problems tasting salty and sweet food since their taste receptors favor high-fat and high-protein tastes.

  • Feeling

Cats have an average of twenty four whiskers on their face; these hairs very thick and are rooted three times deeper. Whiskers are very sensitive to detect slightest changes in air current. They are also used to see if a cat can fit through a gap. Not only are the whiskers all over a cat’s face, but they are also on the back of its front legs. Whiskers are replaced whenever they fall off. A cat’s fur has unique sensitive nerve ending that detect a slight touch. Their paws are also very sensitive to touch.


Free-ranging cats are lively both day and night, though they tend to be more active at night. The timing of a cats’ movement is quite flexible, meaning that house cats can be more active early in the morning and late in the evening (crepuscular behavior). This is due to greater human activity that occurs at these times.


Under controlled breeding, cats are easily bred and shown as registered pets, a hobby called cat fancy. Failure to control their breeding by neutering has led to large numbers of feral cats. This has led to extinction of countless bird species.


Every cat loving person would want to give his/her cat the best name. If you take a look at a number of the most popular cat names, the lists will almost at all times have similar names on them. Nonetheless, the reputation of cat names differs from one nation to another. The ranking of most admired cat names can be easily assessed, from pet insurance registrations to breed registries. The United States’ biggest pet insurer, (VPI), releases yearly rankings of their most popular cat names

Top cat names seem to be Max, Tiger, Princess, Shadow and Ginger. These cat names seemed to be constant over the years; they are still on most lists of popular cat names. Shadow, Tiger and Ginger are no brainers; it is pretty self explanatory why somebody would choose these names. Abby and Max, however, are a little less understandable.

Either way, there’re quite a few names that will keep resurfacing on the top lists every now and then. Some of the most common cat names recently are Lulu, Misty, Charlie, Dexter, Ma, and Oliver. Perhaps the oldest and the traditional favorite is the name Mitten that’s still used today. Today’s popular cat names seem to come from culture movies such as Disney films, for instance, Nala, Simba, and Tinkerbell. Some fashionable and fitting cat names are related to their fur coloring like Midnight, Java, Crow, Shadow, Cinder and Ebony for black cats. No matter where the muse comes from, sometimes the names just come to us as if by celestial intervention.

Top 5 Names:

  1. Max
  2. Bella
  3. Whiskers
  4. Chloe
  5. Kitty


On average, a cat spends 2/3 of the day sleeping. Every cat considers its routine nap a must when it comes to its daily duties. As the individual requirements for each playful feline are different, so are their cat bed preferences.

Whether your cat prefers to nestle in a warm corner or under the sun, nearly all cats prefer warm and comfy places to sleep. From chic luxury cat beds to pyramid-shaped cat beds and pads, there’s a large variety of styles obtainable to suit your cat’s preference.

When browsing through different styles of cat beds, whether you consider covered beds, heated cat beds or luxury cat beds, remember that your main aim is to choose the type that will offer your cat the comfort and warmth that is just right for it.


Cat containment and travel is made comfortable, easy, and convenient with the correct cat carriers and crates. There’s no doubt that dogs and cats differ from one another in many ways. As every cat fanatic knows, cats just do not seem to share the pleasure their canine counterparts get from vehicle rides, regardless of duration or distance.

Cat carriers are intended to make vehicle rides more bearable for your playful felines, ensuring their comfort and safety. There’re also a variety of moveable cat carriers that are obtainable in both soft and high-impact materials.

You should choose one that is easy to clean to help contain yours cats together with their good health during the drive. Offer your cats with safe and moderately trouble-free travel as well as a pleasant travel experience with convenient cat carriers and Crates.


Domestic cats, particularly young kittens, are well known for their love of games. Cats engage in play fighting, with one other and with humans as well. This behavior imitates hunting and is important in helping young kittens learn to stalk, capture, and kill their prey. Many games have also been invented for cats.

Top Games

  • The Crazy Cat

This is one of the best games for cats on the Android market. The game is specifically written for you and your cat! CrazyCat HD will certainly amuse both you and your fuzzy friend with pretty animated critters that you control with your phone while your cat runs around your tablet screen.

  • Friskies Cat

Friskies is one of the companies that are excited to feed cats’ senses with playful games. The movement, colors, and game-play have been examined and tested for utmost feline fun.

  • Cat Fishing

Cat Fishing is an all-new cat game that’s designed particularly for cats. Tap “start” and begin watching your cat play. The more your cat catches, the more difficult the game gets.

  • Catnip mouse

This is a common game among cats. Skillful hunters, Munchkins love this game, but after they finish playing, they desire a warm lap to burrow into and strokes from a tender hand.


Most housecats, although they are much safer inside, tend to be underactive and overweight. Cats, like dogs and human beings, benefit from exercises and being active, both mentally & physically. So, you need to get our cat up and moving, and there is no better way to persuade out their natural instinct to stalk and hound prey than charming them with cat toys.

Top Toys

  • Pounce

Pounce is an innovative cat toy that provides the final in interactive play for your cat. It is an electronic mouse that acts like a prey but never stops running.

  • Dart

The dart toy is designed to engage your feline companion in enthusiastic play. It consists of rotating circular laser patterns that your cat stalks and chases for hours.

  • Twitch

Be prepared for pouncing, jumping, chasing, and maybe even the sporadic half-twist somersault. The Twitch is an amazing bouncing feather teaser toy that constantly plays with your cat even if you are away.

  • Bolt

The bolt is an interactive cat toy that plays with your cat, instead of the other way round. It is an automatic laser toy that will have your cat bouncing off the wall.

Why Buy Cat Toys?

  1. They help you build a close relationship with your cat
  2. It helps relieve a cat’s boredom and stress
  3. It is a good way of exercising your cat
  4. Cat toys help improve your cat’s blood circulation
  5. They build muscle tone and prevent/reduce behavioral problems


  • Socialization

The first few days of a kitten’s life are vital in helping it feel safe and contented around the people caring for him. Regular handling and comforting words at the kitten’s early stage increases the chances of it becoming a loving, well-balanced cat. This is also the perfect time to make sure that it does not associate human hands with play toys. Let it play with toys and set aside your hands for holding.

  • Genetic Factors

Breeding and genetics play a role in your cat’s temperament. Of course, your cat does not have to be a pure-bred to be an aristocrat in its manners. A good disposition is not elite to pedigrees, as all loving owners of friendly cross-breeds know. Conversely, some cat breeds are more known for their friendly temperaments. The Bombay cat, for instance, is noted for its affectionate, playful nature on the Cat fanciers’ website.

  • One-On-One

It is a case of sticking to the golden rule, catlike style, by treating the cat how you would like to be taken care of if you were them. Study conducted by the University of Vienna reveals that the more attention you allocate to your pet, the more affectionate it will be in return. Of course you already know that by now! The research, based on in-depth interpretation of how owners interact with their revealed that if individuals spend extra time interacting with their pet, it is more likely to remember the compassion and return the favor.

  • Mother Love

Your little cat needs you for warmth, food and shelter and when it curls up on your lap, it’s showing its appreciation, mainly after dinner! Food’s often used as a token of friendliness, and the way that a cat and a human being relates to food are the same in nature to the interaction seen between human care-givers and pre-verbal infants.


Below are amazing facts about cats that you probably never knew;

  • Can rehydrate by drinking sea water
  • A cat sweats through its paws
  • Produce a similar brain wave pattern like in humans. This means that they can dream
  • Have led to the extinction of several species
  • Ancient Egyptians killed anyone who killed a cat
  • Switzerland legalized eating of cats
  • An infected cat can cause Toxoplasmosis
  • A cat’s nose is different from another, just like we humans have different fingerprints
  • The Japanese consider black cats as a sign for good luck
  • Ancient Egyptians used to shave their eyebrows when a cat died
  • An Italian tycoon left over $ 13 million to a cat
  • Recent study shows that owning a cat reduces the risk of stroke and heart attack
  • An adult cat only meows to communicate with humans
  • Korea and Japan have cat cafes for you and your cat to hang out
  • The CIA spent over $ 20 in the 1960s training cats to spy
  • Can die from eating chocolate
  • Every year, almost four million cats are eaten in China as a delicacy
  • Are America’s best pets
  • Can swallow their food without chewing
  • Make almost 100 different sounds while dogs can only make 10.
  • Have thirty two muscles controlling their outer ear
  • Cannot taste sweetness
  • Sleep for approximately 70 percent of their lives
  • The longest cat that was ever measured was 1.23 m when fully stretched

Source by Tom Broadbridge

Making Aircraft From Kits

Kits make building a plan quite easy. There are many different types of airplane kits. You simply need to find a design you like, buy it and then put it all together. Kits vary from the simple to the very complicated and come in wood, plastic and metal.

Airplane plans and kits are available in many variations to suit all potential aviation enthusiasts. There's a great deal of pleasure to be had from pilot your own plane. It's a hobby that can bring hours of fun. Model planes are available for children, adults and those of all skill abilities.

There are choices for both new and experienced users. Plastic aircraft kits have a flexible selection of uses. Lightweight designs afford a higher flying speed and the ability to fly for a longer distance. Costs are low for basic airplanes and if you do not need your aircraft to fly, there's always model aircraft for display purposes only.

Kit planes made of wood offer similar attributes to the plastic planes, giving choices between models for display only or construction of aircraft that will actually fly. Wooden aircraft kits take longer to put together than their plastic counterparts, but assembly is usually straightforward.

Remote radio-controlled airplane kits, usually called RC airplanes, suit the most fun type of model aircraft. The controller becomes the pilot! RC aircraft models are available to a varied range of beginners right through to expert level. Money wise the cost can be quite low but it can also reach thousands of dollars depending upon the superior, dimensions and detail required.

Model aircraft are hugely popular. Thousands of aircraft, airplane plans and kits are available to make replica aircraft. Plans are can be bought not just for modern aircraft, but for plans of airplanes since the early days of their invention.

There's a great deal of interest in aircraft from the World War One and Two eras – these represent the highest plan sales. Approximately 200,000 model aircraft builders face the same problems in selecting the aircraft that they want to construct and then finding the right plan to suit them. Many plan purchasers will build the aircraft from balsa wood which is easy to work with.

Prices vary: Display only aircraft cost anywhere from $ 30 to $ 250. Radio controlled craft cost beginners' in the $ 50 to $ 200 range. Experienced flyer's aircraft aircraft come in at about $ 200 to $ 500. If you choose to build yourself, the plans will cost you in the region of $ 20.

It's vital to get full assistance for each aircraft's building method. This will ensure that each piece is exactly correct for both size and weight. This will aid the 'balancing' of the aircraft during its time in the air.
Some plans will include specifics of what types of wire should be used, whether it's piano wiring for propeller shafts or electrical wire for motors.

Ready constructed, fully functioning motors can be purchased for your airplane if you intend to fly it. This applies to almost all plans for aircraft, airplane plans and kits.

Source by Dani Mer

Construction Toys For Children – Learning Through Play

Construction Toys For Children – Learning Through Play

It's a known fact that the first 7 years of a child's life are the most defining years in which all of their habits, mannerisms, skills and personality will be shaped during this critical time. Their learning curve, in a manner of speaking, is large and flexible and their brains are like sponges, soaking in, consuming, digesting and processing everything that is going on around them to shape the person that they will one day become.

That said, it goes without saying that your child should be provided with the all physical and mental nutrient and stimulator in order for them to learn and become the very best that they can be. Leaving your child sat, enthused, in front of a TV or playing a mind numbing video game for hours on end in these early days is a sure-fire way of quickly developing uncreative and procrastinate qualities.

A lot of knowledge has been gained over the last few decades into child learning and it is now widely accepted that children learn just as much through play as they do through the age-old reading and writing methods. Play learning can teach a child many valuable life skills such as decision-making, problem solving, communication, interactivity, delegation, fairness and sharing to name a few.

Construction toys, building sets and science kits are at the forefront of educational toys for kids. The psychological drive behind these types of toys engages a child's thought processes to plan, design and construct a working or moving model that has a specific function or outcome at the end allowing the child a sense of achievement while expanding on their boundaries of creativity.

Construction Toys For Children – Some Of The More Popular Ones

Electronics Kits by Logibloc – These are among the most creative educational toys that can stretch a child's logical understanding far beyond their years. These sets have won awards from the Good Toy Guide, Dr Toy's Best Children's Products and the Parent Choice Awards. Ideally for children aged 7 and over, it teaches them how to build circuits, light sensors and security alerts and includes an inventors manual detailing lots of fascinating projects for them to follow along to.

Real Construction Deluxe Workshop or a Wooden Construction Workbench Toy- Your child's inquisitive nature is enticed and developed when engaging with any kind of wooden design toys, helping them to decipher and explore simple construction skills. These sets come with a selection of work tools, fixes and a tool belt (just like a real builder), including a hammer, saw, a square angle, screw driver and a hole cutter.

Of course there is also the age-old favorite, Lego. Nowadays, they have become a little more advanced and complex than they once were with varying recommended age ranges on different model sets. The success of Lego has seen it pass through many decades and genres now, crossing over many trends with their themed sets for popular movies, shows and characters that are around at any given time. Many sets can now come with moving parts such as wheels, connectors, axles and bendable joints that easily and firmly together.

Construction toys come in all sorts of shapes and assortments, such as Galt's Super Marble Run where an intricate network of tunnels needs assembling together in order for the marbles to roll down. Connecta Straws comes with building rings, wheels, connectors and flexible straws for young children to design their own range of interesting models. Gizmos Building Blocks, creating ingenious movable structures or even preschool construction sets and so on.

Source by Kara J Cahill

Military Remote Control Helicopters

Emergency response is getting more and more complex. Emergency units are getting tougher and more risky operations day in day out. Some of the operations need remote surveillance before sending a man on the ground and this is where the unmanned vehicles come in.

Remote control helicopters have now gotten popular with emergency crews and the military in obtaining surveillance of a place before actually getting there and this is saving lots of life. In cases where an expected explosive material is suspected is when the military first sends an unmanned RC toy like these little helicopters to the site to gather critical information needed to disarm the device.

The remote control helicopters have an advantage in this kind of job in that they can go behind the enemy lines unnoticed as compared to the real helicopter or a man. Their small size and improved aerodynamics are to give credit in this. They can fly really low with minimum noise or no noise at all and the factor that they have no microwave interference will interest you as they can never be got by the radar and so they will get the enemy by surprise or the enemy will not know at all.

Due to increased interest in the machines, a lot of research is being done to improve their efficiency and liability at a military level. China and USA are leading in the research and you can never blame them as they try to make their forces the strongest in the world. The research mainly focuses on increasing the time of flight and the carrying capacity. The range it can go is no longer an issue with satellite communication in place. The research is now aimed at having the most efficient fuel source.

The power source should be light and should run for a longer time without recharge and refill. This has led to the development of many different kinds of engines. Modern helicopters are running on nitrous and high current batteries. Some have photocells as their body skeleton enabling them to run on solar power. They carry improved batteries such as lithium polymer that can give a higher current. The batteries are supplemented by the solar power. So they can go for long without replacement.

Military remote control helicopters have greater acrobatics and hovering capabilities. Their aerodynamics is great enabling them to access even the remote of all places easily. They can take sudden sharp turns from strange heights and can land almost anywhere. They can perform all moves that the real plane can do and may be even better. The risks involved when they crash are minimal so the pilot can be more daring. However, their speeds is an issue due to their size and power source.

When equipped with camera capabilities, they become the most powerful spy tools. Improved technology in the lens industry has seen production of stronger and more powerful cameras. IP cameras can be used to send real time images from remote control helicopters to base station miles away.

Source by Levis Chung

What Makes a Person Intelligent?

In traditional intelligence theories when one is asked the question “What makes a person intelligent?” the most common responses will often note a person’s ability to solve problems, utilize logic, and think critically. These typical traits of intelligence are sometimes grouped together under the heading “raw intelligence”. A person’s intelligence, traditionally speaking, is contained in their intellect. In other words, how we each understand, evaluate or respond to external stimuli, regardless as to whether it is a mathematical problem or anticipation of an opponent’s next move in a game, is our collective intelligence. Our intelligence therefore, is our individual, collective ability to act or react in a continually changing environment.

The principal problem in traditional intelligence theories is that they promote “fractured learning”. Many educational reformers have clearly stated that “taking tests merely shows that a student is skilled at taking tests”. At best, traditional tests focus on only about one tenth of an individual’s intellect. Note that Albert Einstein and Thomas Edison, two of history’s most famous examples of brilliant minds, were terrible at taking traditional tests, therefore terrible at “school” in general. Multiple Intelligences theory then, demonstrates that the ability to take traditional tests is almost entirely in the realm of the Logical – Mathematical

intelligence. This intelligence will be detailed later along with the Interpersonal intelligence, which imparts in some students the ability to second guess a teacher’s structuring of a test. Traditional IQ tests predict school performance with considerable accuracy, but they are only an indifferent predictor of performance in a profession after formal schooling.

In an interesting but controversial study conducted during the 1960’s by Biologist Marion Diamond, of the University of California at Berkeley, two sets of rats were raised in different environments; One set had toys to play with, playmates to romp with and a roomy box that was kept clean and fresh. The second set was put in solitary confinement; all alone in a much smaller cage with no toys to enjoy. After several weeks, Diamond measured the size of each rat’s cerebral cortex, the brain area which is responsible for higher nerve functions. The rats in the sociable, clean and stimulating environment grew brains bigger than the rats with the impoverished surroundings. “Does the enriched environment increase the dimensions of the brain, and does the impoverished environment decrease the dimensions of the brain?”, asked Diamond. “The answer, very clearly, is YES.” Similar results were replicated with cats, monkeys and later with humans. So a stimulating, enriched learning environment is crucial to mental development. If we likewise incorporate the varying student intelligences in our teaching activities, our success as well as our students success, will be markedly improved. That each of us possess all the intelligences, that they can each be developed further, that these multiple intelligences work together in a complex manner, and that there are, in fact, many different ways to be “intelligent” are inclusive in a study by Armstrong. Here briefly, in retrospect, are eight of the major intelligences of Howard Gardener’s theory and their relative traits:

Verbal-Linguistic Intelligence:

The capacity to use words effectively, either orally or in writing. It is highly developed in story-tellers, orators, politicians, poets, playwrights, editors, language teachers and journalists. Students with a high degree of this intelligence think in words; learn by listening, reading, and verbalizing. They enjoy writing, like books, records, and tapes, and have a good memory for verse, lyrics, or trivia. Getting into discussions, telling jokes and debating are also characteristics of this intelligence. Maya Angelou is strong in this intelligence.

Visual-Spatial Intelligence:

The ability to perceive the world accurately and to perform transformations upon one’s perceptions. This is highly developed in guides, interior designers, architects, artists, fashion designers and inventors. Students with a high degree of spatial intelligence think in images and pictures, like mazes and jigsaw puzzles. They like to draw and design things, and enjoy films, slides, videos, diagrams, maps, charts. The daydreamers and those who may have strong opinions about such things as colors that go together, textures that are appropriate and pleasing and decorating are included in this intelligence. Pablo Picasso was strong in this intelligence.

Musical – Rhythmic Intelligence: The capacity to perceive, discriminate, transform, and express musical forms is most highly developed in musical performers, music aficionados, and music critics. Students with a high degree of musical intelligence learn through rhythm and melody, play a musical instrument, or May need music to study. They notice nonverbal sounds in the environment: the chirp of a cricket, rain on the roof, varying traffic patterns, and usually learn things more easily if sung, tapped out, or whistled. These people love music and rhythmic patterns and can often reproduce a melody or rhythmic pattern after hearing it only once. Various sounds, tones, and rhythms may have a visible effect on them (that is, you can see a change in facial expressions, body movement, or emotional responses). They enjoy singing and listening to a wide variety of music, and are often quite skilled at mimicking sounds, language accents, and others’ speech patterns, and recognizing different musical instruments in a composition. Paul McCartney is strong in this intelligence.

Logical-Mathematical Intelligence:

The capacity to use numbers effectively and to reason well. This intelligence is highly developed in mathematicians, tax accountants, statisticians, scientists, computer programmers, and logicians. Students with a high degree of this intelligence often reason things out logically and clearly; look for abstract patterns and relationships; frequently like brain teasers, logical puzzles, and strategy games. They also like to use computers and to classify and categorize. These people think conceptually and abstractly and are able to see patterns and relationships that others often miss. They like to experiment, solve puzzles and other problems, ask cosmic questions and think. They love the challenge of complex problems to solve and always have a logical rationale or argument for what they are doing or thinking. Albert Einstein was strong in this intelligence.

Bodily-Kinesthetic Intelligence: Consists of expertise in using one’s whole body to express ideas and feelings, and facility in using ones hands to produce or transform things. A highly developed intelligence in actors, mimes, athletes, dancers, sculptors, mechanics, and surgeons. Students with a high degree of bodily-kinesthetic intelligence process knowledge through bodily sensations; move, twitch, tap, or fidget while sitting in a chair or at a desk and learn by touching, manipulating, and moving. They typically like role playing and creative movement and generally like physical games of all kinds and demonstrating how to do something. They communicate well through body language and other physical gestures. They can often perform a task only after seeing someone else do it. They find it difficult to sit still for a long time and are easily bored if they are not actively involved in what is going on around them. Michael Jordan is strong in this intelligence.

Interpersonal Intelligence:

The ability to perceive and make distinctions in the moods, intentions, motivations, and feelings of other people. This Intelligence can include sensitivity to facial expressions, voice, and gestures, as well as the ability to respond effectively to such cues. Students with a high degree of interpersonal intelligence understand and care about people; like to socialize; learn more easily by relating and cooperating and are good at teaching other students. These people learn through person-to-person interaction. They generally have lots of friends; show a great deal of empathy for other people and understanding of different points of view. They are skilled at drawing others out in a discussion, conflict resolution and mediation when people are in radical

opposition to each other. Mother Teresa and Mahatma Gandhi were strong in this intelligence.

Intra-personal Intelligence:

Self-knowledge and the ability to act adaptively on the basis of that knowledge define this group. This is an intelligence which can include having an accurate picture of one’s strengths and limitations, awareness of one’s moods and motivations, and the capacity for self-discipline. Students with a high degree of this intelligence seem to be self-motivating; need their own quiet space; may march to the beat of a different drummer and tend to learn more easily with independent study, self-paced instruction, individualized projects and games.

These people like to work alone and sometimes shy away from others. They are self-reflective and self-aware and thus tend to be in tune with their inner feelings, values, beliefs, and thinking processes. They are frequently bearers of creative wisdom and insight, are highly intuitive, and are inwardly motivated rather than needing external rewards to keep them going. They are often strong-willed, self-confident, and definite, well-thought-out opinions on almost any issue (although they are sometimes off-the-wall). Other people will often come to them for advice and counsel, but others will sometimes view them as distant or weird. Emily Dickinson and Stephen King are examples of this intelligence.

Naturalist Intelligence:

Environmental knowledge and the ability to identify and categorize plants, animals and nature on the basis of that knowledge. The Naturalist Intelligence can include having an accurate picture of the ambient environment, awareness of the interrelationship of natural elements, and the capacity for self-analysis of these elements. It is found most highly developed in archeologists, animal handlers, animal trainers, veterinarians, biologists, racehorse jockeys, zoologists, environmentalists, wilderness guides and naturalists. Students who have a high degree of the naturalist intelligence seem to be nature-oriented, seek to be outdoors or in the elements and learn more easily with nature-related study and environmental projects and activities. They like to collect items from nature, study them, and group them. They tend to be aware of subtleties in appearance, texture, and sounds that those weaker in this intelligence may not grasp. Charles Darwin, Jacques Cousteau, and John James Audubon were strong in this intelligence.

One of the great promises of Multiple Intelligences theory in education is that it will help us to find individual pathways into and out of our students’ minds. Recent advances in educational psychology and research in applied MI theory offer educators a real possibility of developing the potential of all students. Both educators and students should derive from Gardner’s Multiple Intelligence theory that all people are different and learn differently, and that we should respect, value, and nurture that diversity.

Reference Websites:

Reference website for multiple intelligences links and activities:


Exploring Multiple Intelligences: New Dimensions of Learning


Multiple Intelligences Resources

Basic MI Theory

Multiple Intelligence Theory: Principles

Multiple Intelligences: Theory and Practice in the K-12 Class


Task Card Overview/Multiple Intelligences


Association for the Promotion and Advancement of Science Education activities website –

Naturalist Intelligence – Sea World / Busch Gardens website for students

Source by Larry M. Lynch

A Simple Look at Dog Strollers

A Simple Look at Dog Strollers

Owning a dog stroller can make life simple on the owner and the pet. Do you own a little dog that moves slowly when you go on walks, or is hurt? Maybe you have a little dog that is old in age and has weak joints. A dog stroller will be the perfect alternative for traveling outside in public with your pet.

Describe a Pet Stroller?

Pet strollers are very much alike in looks compared to baby strollers. However a pet stroller is usually covered up a bit more, much like a mesh kennel. Some pet strollers are actually Kennels attached to the frame of a stroller for a two in one feature!

Although a pet stroller is covered it will normally have mesh around all sides of it with holes in it so that your dog can get the proper air while he is riding in it. You can find pet strollers in many different patterns, styles and colors. So if you have a little female dog you can find some hot pink and yellow designs, or green and red for a male dog.

Where can I find a dog stroller?

All you really need to do to find the right one for your dog is to search online. Many results will show up for online pet stores and personal sellers that carry strollers. If you're prefe too, you can purchase a dog stroller at your local pet store if you do not want to have to wait for it to ship.

However, it has become a usual for most people to shop online for whatever items they are looking for. It is simple, convenient, and you can find some excellent discounts on pet strollers that you might not be able to get in the store.

The Type of Features you should look for in a Dog Stroller

When your dog will be riding in a dog stroller, you will need to insure that he is safe during all times. There are some features that you need to look for in a quality stroller for dogs. First, you need to make sure that the stroller has the mesh ventilation as stated before.

The more ventilation windows that are on the cover the better for your pet! Now, there should be tire brakes near the back wheels of the stroller so that if you need to make a stop somewhere that is inclined, your pet stroller will not go rolling away. A stroller that gives your pet a smooth ride is very important because bumpy rides can cause your pet to be uneasy. When shopping for pet strollers, make sure the tires have thick rubber or tread on them; that's how you know that they will give your pet a comfortable ride.

Extra Stuff on the Dog Strollers

A drink tray is included on some dog strollers that you buy. This is a great spot for you to keep your drinks, money, or anything else small things that you might carry. Another excellent feature that you might want your pet stroller to have is a storage bin which is usually located underneath the stroller.

In this, you can place your dog's tricks, toys, water bottle and water bowl.

So which dog stroller should I buy?

Reading online reviews on dog strollers can help you make a decision. Not only that, but some dog strollers are smaller compared to others and carry up to a particular weight, so make certain you read what the heaviest weight is that can be held by each stroller you consider purchasing.

Source by John Razmus

Pet Safety During Christmas – What to Watch For

Pet Safety During Christmas – What to Watch For

The upcoming Holiday Season is an exciting time for everyone. Parents are turning into machines, capable of walking for hours without food or water, just to find that perfect gift. Children are turning into angels, rarely talking back or getting into trouble for fear of a giant lump of coal being delivered instead of gifts.

Your pets are also affected as they see things around them change. No more quiet living room for them to lounge in, replaced by a big flashing tree with bright lights, shiny tinsel and boxes covered with ribbons and wrapping paper. Gone are the tasty chew toys that usually litter the floor, replaced with carpet fresheners and cleaners for when guests arrive.

During the holiday season, you’ll want to keep an eye on your pets. Suddenly the house will be filled with flashy, shiny, tasty, glittery, pine-smelling, bright, noisy, crackly items, sure to intrigue most pets especially cats and dogs.

Dogs that are already chewers will find the Holiday season full of exciting new things to chew on. There’s strings of lights, ornaments on the tree or ones that have fallen down, nice, new, cool smelling boxes with wrapping paper. All these things are hard for a curious dog to pass by.

Cats love Christmas. They especially love ribbons and bows, tinsel and tree ornaments. There is many a story of emergency trips to the vet to remove yards of ribbon from inside a cat. Many cats enjoy the taste of ribbons and quite a few cats love playing with the tinsel, batting it around until they can eat it.

In order to avoid any costly and potentially fatal accidents this Christmas, make sure to take a few precautions before leaving your pet alone near a tree.

Keep most of your presents put away, unless your dog has been trained. Maybe this would be a good year to start that training? Put one fully wrapped present under the tree and see what happens. A couple of sniffs and your dog disregards it? Great. If your dog sees this as another chew toy, then you can step in and sort that out. You want to make sure your dog can resist temptation of else you might find yourself at a Vet, trying to get ribbons and bows and cardboard out of your dog. No easy task I can assure you!

Try and keep tinsel out of the equation if you have cats. We all know it looks great on a tree, but it creates a huge problem when cats ingest it. Try placing it further up on the tree, so that strings don’t hang down to where they can paw at it. If you can do without, even better. Tinsel is easily and readily consumed by cats, the shine and the glitter is hard to resist for any curious kitty.

Make sure to keep an eye out for any other hazards. Ornaments are pretty, but some are made of glass and can shatter into very small pieces when they get broken. Christmas tree bulbs are enjoyed by some dogs, I personally know of a dog that ate almost an entire string of Christmas lights, enjoying the “popping” of the bulbs in his mouth.

Keep an eye out and be diligent. If you see your pet even thinking about chewing on one of these new “toys”, make sure you take that as a chance to train your pet to stay away. Not only will you be able to enjoy your Christmas without coming home and having your tree all over the living room, but you won’t have to make expensive trips to the Vet during holiday season!

Happy Holidays!

Source by Joe Howard

Traveling With Your Pet

Traveling With Your Pet

I have always had pets in my home. We had many of them growing up, and my children have had pets all their lives. When we lost our dog a few years ago, we decided we were done with having animals because we wanted to take advantage of being empty-nesters and start traveling more. We have enjoyed our freedom…but nowadays, you don’t need to worry about what to do with your pets when you go somewhere, whether for business or pleasure. Just take them with you!!

So many places are now thrilled to accommodate you and your pet. Hotels have doggy treats at the check in desk, small dogs and cats can be in the cabin with you when you fly. Leaving them home alone is no longer your only option.

My daughter’s best friend is a 40lb pound puppy named Koopa. The two are inseparable and I can’t imagine them ever having to be apart for more than a day or so. Fortunately, when my daughter travels, the dog goes too. I also have a friend that refuses to go anywhere because she can’t stand the thought of leaving her pets behind. I have not been able to convince her that she doesn’t have to, but I will continue to work on it!

Hotel chains such as Marriott, Hilton, Holiday Inn, La Quinta, Motel 6, and a whole bunch more welcome your pet. Some require a deposit and a reservation. When making your bookings be sure to ask them about their specific requirements, as each hotel is a bit different.

Here are a few items that are essential in making sure your pet is comfortable for your trip….

*A sturdy, well-ventilated carrier

*Leash, collar and ID badges

*Enough pet food for the entire vacation and bowls

*Litter and box for cats

*Grooming supplies

*Favorite bedding and toys

*Medications, medical records and contact info for a local vet where you’ll be staying

*Current photo in case your pet gets lost

If your pet is comfortable then you will be more relaxed and able to enjoy your trip more.

For more info on traveling with your pet, go to my website where I have links to more information…..

Happy traveling!

Source by AJ Harmon

RC Construction Toys Erect Your RC Design And Cranes Arrange The Building Supplies

Your RC construction toys build any radio control design your brain conjures up. You can use them regardless of what type of design your project requires.

And once the moment comes to place your construction supplies, you'll require your RC cranes to do the weighty lifting, and positioning.

You begin your plan with remote control excavators. The primary task is clearing the ground, or area, to make it shaped for your structures, roads, hills, mud bogs, and lakes or ponds.

With the RC excavators you remove surplus dirt to begin the leveling. The RC excavators also heap dirt up everywhere you require to change the shape of the ground, or maybe you require hills for your off-road pickups to crawl over. The excavators also dig the beds for your bodies of water.

For a city design you'll build houses, parking garages, gas stations, fire stations, police stations, and office buildings. You want those structures to stand on different levels. And you'll slice roads in and around those structures so your remote control vehicles can come, and go, to and from their city destinations.

Then you start up the RC front loaders to shovel up the free dirt, and fill the beds of the waiting dump trucks.

The front loaders level the surfaces for the structure foundations. They also prepare the surface of the roads before you pour the concrete, or install the blacktop.

When you're all set for construction supplies semi flatbed trucks carry them to your build location. The forklifts unload the pallets, and position them around the construction area.

All those RC construction toys do the preparation labor. They prepare your location for putting together your radio control design.

Once the you're ready to begin the building work of your design you use the remote control cranes. With the cranes you'll elevate the construction supplies to their building position, and place them exactly where they go.

When you erect your city the cranes place the blocks for the structure foundations, or the wood for the concrete molds.

After the foundation sets your cranes go to work placing the framing supplies. And the workers can start putting up the walls.

As the building reaches toward the sky the cranes lift the supplies. They position those supplies where the construction workers have trouble-free access to them.

If you planned a racing event center the RC cranes move the material into position for the barrier walls, bleachers, and observation towers.

Does your drawing call for the assembly of a monster truck contest arena?

The excavators erect the mounds for your trucks to leap, but the cranes lift the cars (that your pickups soar over) into position between those mounds.

No matter what type construction design you erect you'll want to arrange the construction supplies. That calls for the construction cranes.

Cranes have a valuable position in your fleet of RC construction toys.

Source by Joseph Jackson